A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W-Z
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  • AchalasiaAchalasia is a rare disease involving the muscles of the esophagus. It interferes with the passage of food and drink down the esophagus, causing regurgitation, vomiting or even chest pain.
  • Acid RefluxAcid reflux, also know as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), occurs when the valve in the lower esophagus (swallowing tube) does not close completely. Digestive acids in the stomach travel back up into the esophagus, causing inflammation and pain.
  • Acoustic NeuromaAn acoustic neuroma (vestibular schwannoma) is a benign tumor involving a small nerve joining the inner ear to the brain stem.
  • Acute Care Surgery Our highly specialized and experienced surgeons work in an intensely collaborative environment, crossing multiple disciplines to ensure patients receive the most advanced and detailed surgical care possible.
  • Acute PancreatitisAcute pancreatitis is characterized by a sudden, severe pain in the abdomen, which may last hours or days.
  • Adult Congenital Heart DiseaseHeart defects present at birth that can result in both non-serious and life-threatening symptoms throughout adulthood.
  • Advanced Heart FailureLate-stage heart failure in which conventional treatments no longer work and a heart transplant is required.
  • Airway, Swallowing and Voice DisordersOur throat specialists (also called laryngologists) use state-of-the-art equipment and technology to treat problems such as airway disorders, difficulty swallowing, hoarseness, laryngeal cancer, sinusitus, thyroid cancer, thyroid disorders and voice disorders.
  • Alcohol-Induced Liver DiseaseThere are three types of alcohol-associated liver disease, and many individuals who consume alcohol heavily progress through these disease types over time: steatotic (fatty) liver, acute hepatitis and cirrhosis.
  • Alzheimer’s Disease Alzheimer’s disease is the most common cognitive disorder and neurodegenerative disease, robbing patients of their independence, personality and memory. 
  • AmyloidosisAmyloidosis is a rare, multisystem disease that develops when abnormally shaped proteins, called amyloid fibrils, are produced in the bone marrow or liver and then deposited in organs or tissue throughout the body.
  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)ALS (also known as Lou Gehrig’s disease) is a nervous system disorder that causes muscle weakness and interferes with physical function.
  • Anal CancerAnal cancer, also called colorectal cancer, occurs when your cells in your colon or rectum begin to grow out of control. Most start as polyps, which are growths on the lining of the colon or rectum, though not all polyps develop into cancer
  • AnesthesiologyAnesthesia involves the careful, controlled use of medications to block pain and sedate patients during surgery.
  • AneurysmA brain aneurysm occurs when the blood vessels in the brain develop thin or weak spots, and pressure from blood inside the artery causes the weak tissue to bulge.
  • Anorectal Manometry TestAn anorectal manometry is a test that evaluates the reflexes and the neurological and muscular portions of the rectum responsible for continence.
  • AnxietyAnxiety is a feeling of fear, dread, and uneasiness, usually brought on by stress. When anxiety intensifies and becomes all-consuming is when it is an indicator of an underlying disease.
  • Aortic AneurysmDilation (or bulging) of the wall of the abdominal or thoracic portion of your aorta, which can lead to clots, tears or ruptures.
  • Aortic DiseaseAcute and lifelong disorders and conditions that affect the part of your aorta that descends through your chest and into your abdomen.
  • Aortic DissectionA life-threatening condition resulting from a tear in the aorta, the main blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart.
  • Aortic RepairUsed to treat a variety of aortic conditions by repairing a bulge in the aorta and replacing damaged portions of the aortic wall.
  • Aortic Valve DiseaseA type of valve disease in which your aortic valve either doesn’t close properly or doesn’t let enough blood through.
  • AppendicitisAppendicitis occurs when the appendix becomes inflamed and filled with pus. Appendicitis causes pain in your lower right abdomen.
  • Aquatic TherapyAquatic therapy is an alternative form of rehabilitation that uses a comfortable, low-impact and pain-free exercise environment to help patients regain strength, flexibility, endurance and mobility.
  • ArrhythmiaAlso known as irregular heartbeat, this fairly common condition occurs when the electrical signals controlling your heartbeat are blocked or delayed.
  • Arteriovenous Malformation (AVM)A mass of knotted, abnormally formed arteries and veins present at birth that can be both disfiguring and life-threatening.
  • Arteriovenous Malformation (AVM) of the Head, Neck & FaceAVMs are rare, abnormal tangles of blood vessels in which connections form between arteries and veins, bypassing the capillaries and disrupting natural blood flow. 
  • ArthritisArthritis is inflammation or swelling of one or more joints, causing pain and stiffness that typically worsens with age. There are more than 100 conditions that affect the joints, tendons and other connective issues.
  • AsthmaAsthma is a chronic lung disease that inflames and narrows the airways, making breathing difficult.
  • Asthma Associated With GERDAsthma and acid reflux often occur together. Acid reflux can worsen asthma and asthma can worsen acid reflux — especially severe acid reflux, a condition known as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).
  • AtaxiaAtaxia occurs when cells in the cerebellum degenerate, causing lack of muscle control throughout the body and potentially compromising speech.
  • Athletic TrainingHouston Methodist athletic trainers provide the highest quality care to student athletes, active adults and elite professionals in preventing, recognizing, assessing, managing, treating and reconditioning athletic injuries.
  • Atrial Fibrillation (AFib) & Atrial FlutterA type of arrhythmia characterized by irregular or rapid heart rate that results in poor blood flow to the body.
  • Atrial Septal DefectA common type of congenital heart defect that causes enlargement of the right side of the heart.
B
  • Back PainAt some point in their lives, four out of five Americans experience back pain. Our specialists have dedicated their careers to helping patients find relief from back pain.
  • Balance DisordersBalance disorders may cause symptoms of vertigo, dizziness, unsteadiness and nausea.
  • Balloon ValvuloplastyA common catheter-based procedure that uses a small balloon to stretche heart valves that have narrowed.
  • Bariatric SurgeryWeight loss surgery, or bariatric surgery, can lead to significant weight loss and improve weight-related health conditions.
  • Barrett's EsophagusBarrett's Esophagus is a condition where the esophagus becomes damaged by acid reflux.
  • Behavioral HealthWe offer inpatient and outpatient programs and services to confront the complex and diverse mental health needs of our patients.
  • Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), also known as an enlarged prostate, occurs when growth of the prostate blocks urine flow through the urethra, leading to urinary problems and other complications.
  • Bicuspid Aortic ValveA congenital heart defect in which the aortic valve is missing a flap, leading to backflow of blood into the heart.
  • Bile Duct CancerBile duct cancer, also called cholangiocarcinoma, is a rare but aggressive type of cancer that forms in the slender tubes (bile ducts) that carry the digestive fluid bile.
  • Biliary CirrhosisAn autoimmune disease that causes chronic inflammation in your bile ducts that can lead to liver damage.
  • Biliary Tract DiseaseA number of disorders can affect the pancreas and biliary tract, including acute pancreatitis, chronic pancreatitis, hereditary pancreatitis, pancreatic cancer and biliary cirrhosis.
  • Bladder (Urinary) FistulaOccurs when an opening forms between the bladder and another organ or the skin.
  • Bladder CancerBladder cancer occurs when cells in the bladder grow uncontrollably.
  • Bladder DiseaseConditions ranging from minor infections to more serious long-term diseases and cancer can affect bladder function. They include urinary tract infections (UTIs), urinary incontinence (bladder control loss) and interstitial cystitis (chronic bladder wall inflammation).
  • Blocked IntestineWhen digested material is prevented from passing normally through the bowel.
  • Bloodless SurgeryA type of surgery that relies on blood conservation techniques for patients who for personal, religious or medical reasons, want to avoid blood transfusions during surgery.
  • Body Contour Restoration SurgeryBody contour restoration can include removal of excess, loose skin due to significant weight loss or bariatric surgery.
  • Bone DensityBone density, or bone mineral density, is the amount of bone mineral in bone tissue.
  • Bone Marrow TransplantRestores healthy stem cells within the bone marrow, making it possible for oncologists to use higher doses of chemotherapy or radiation to kill blood cancers.
  • Brain AneurysmsA brain aneurysm occurs when the blood vessels in the brain develop thin or weak spots, and pressure from blood inside the artery causes the weak tissue to bulge.
  • Brain HemorrhageA brain hemorrhage, also called a stroke, occurs when bleeding occurs into or around the brain.
  • Brain Tumor SurgeryMinimally invasive or traditional surgery is often the first line of treatment for removing or reducing the size of brain tumors.
  • Brain Tumors Brain tumors are abnormal growths, lesions or masses of cells in the brain that can be cancerous or benign (non-cancerous).
  • Breast CancerCancer that forms in the cells of the breasts. Breast cancer is the second most common cancer diagnosed in women in the U.S., after skin cancer.
  • Breast CareBreast care includes getting an annual mammogram, which is an X-ray picture of your breast, typically used to check for breast cancer.
  • Breast ReconstructionThe restoration of one or both breasts to near normal shape, appearance, symmetry and size following mastectomy, lumpectomy or congenital deformities.
  • Breast ScreeningsBreast screenings include mammograms, which are X-ray pictures of your breast, typically used to check for breast cancer.
  • BreastfeedingBreastfeeding, or nursing, is the process by which human breast milk is fed to a child.
  • Bronchial ThermoplastyA procedure used to treat patients with severe, persistent asthma that is not well controlled with medications. A tiny, carefully controlled device delivers mild heat to the smooth muscle of the airways in the lungs, via a bronchoscope through the nose or mouth, and with no incision.
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  • CancerA disease caused when cells divide uncontrollably and spread into surrounding tissues. It is caused by changes to DNA.
  • Cancer Treatment - ChemotherapyA systemic cancer treatment that can kill cancer cells anywhere within the body, whether part of the primary tumor or cancer cells that have spread away from the primary tumor (metastasized).
  • Cancer Treatment - Hormone TherapyWorks by depriving the cancer cells of the hormones they need to survive. It is achieved by either using drugs that stop the production of certain hormones or, in some cases, removing hormone-producing organs, such as the ovaries or testes.
  • Cancer Treatment - ImmunotherapyUses drugs or treatments specifically designed to help stimulate or strengthen the immune system to more effectively target and/or fight cancer cells.
  • Cancer Treatment - Radiation TherapyA type of cancer treatment that uses beams of intense energy to kill or control the growth of cancer cells. Radiation therapy, also called radiotherapy, most often uses X-rays.
  • Cardiac AmyloidosisA condition in which amyloids (protein fragments) are deposited in the heart, making it difficult for electrical signals to move.
  • Cardiac CatheterizationUses catheter-based procedures to diagnose and treat heart disease.
  • Cardiac CT Uses the latest multidetector CT to provide fast and accurate images of your heart and vascular system.
  • Cardiac RehabilitationSpecialized facilities and resources to help you recover from both common and complex heart conditions and treatments, including heart attack and open-heart surgery.
  • Cardiac TumorsAbnormal growths in the tissue of the heart.
  • Cardio Vascular SurgerySurgery on the heart or great vessels performed by heart (cardiac) surgeons.
  • CardiologyThe branch of medicine that deals with disorders of the heart and the cardiovascular system. Includes medical diagnosis and treatment of congenital heart defects, coronary artery disease, heart failure, valvular heart disease and electrophysiology.
  • Cardio-OncologyFocuses on identifying, monitoring and treating cardiovascular (heart-related) diseases caused by cancer therapies.
  • Cardiothoracic SurgerySurgical operations to treat conditions involving the heart, lungs, esophagus and other organs in the chest.
  • Cardiovascular SurgerySurgical operations to treat conditions involving the heart, large arteries and the chest.
  • Carotid Artery DiseaseHardening and narrowing of arteries, which can lead to restricted blood flow to the brain (causing a stroke) or the heart (causing a heart attack).
  • Carotid Cavernous FistulaA CCF is an abnormal connection between a carotid artery in the neck and the cavernous sinus behind your eyes.
  • CataractsA painless condition of the eye that manifests as a clouding of the eye’s lens and clinically obstructs the passage of light to the retina. Cataracts usually develop gradually.
  • CausalgiaA relatively rare pain syndrome that occurs from injury to the peripheral nerves, which extend from the spine and brain to the arms, legs and internal organs.
  • Celiac DiseaseCeliac disease is an immune reaction to eating gluten, a protein found in wheat, barley and rye. This reaction damages the small intestine's lining and prevents it from absorbing some nutrients.
  • Central Airway Obstruction (CAO) A complex condition that may cause life-threatening breathing problems and significantly impact a patient’s quality of a life.
  • Cerebrovascular DiseasesCerebrovascular diseases and conditions impact circulation to and inside the brain.
  • Cervical CancerOccurs when abnormal cells develop in the cervix — the lower part of the uterus that connects to the vagina — and grow out of control.
  • ChemotherapyA systemic cancer treatment that can kill cancer cells anywhere within the body, whether part of the primary tumor or cancer cells that have spread away from the primary tumor (metastasized).
  • Chemotherapy for Brain TumorsAntitumor medication that slows, stops the growth of or destroys cancer cells.
  • Chiari MalformationA structural defect in the cerebellum that causes a portion of the posterior brain to be compressed and protrude into the spinal canal.
  • Childbirth CentersOur board-certified OB-GYNs provide highly specialized childbirth care for moms-to-be who want more options, including natural childbirth.
  • ChordomaA rare type of cancer of the bones in the skull and spine that develops from cells left behind as the spinal cord developed.
  • ChoreasThese movement disorders cause irregular, involuntary muscle movements and can accompany several other conditions and diseases.
  • Chronic CoughChronic cough is considered a lung disorder if the persistent cough lasts more than eight weeks in adults or four weeks in children.
  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)A serious and potentially deadly lung disease that gradually develops. Ultimately, COPD irreversibly damages your airways and lungs.
  • Chronic Pain SyndromeChronic pain syndrome occurs when pain signals continue to fire even after the initial cause of pain has been resolved.
  • Chronic Thromboembolic Pulmonary Hypertension (CTEPH)High blood pressure in the arteries of the lungs caused by clot-like masses.
  • CirrhosisCirrhosis is scarring of the liver caused by continuous, long-term liver damage. Scar tissue replaces healthy tissue in the liver and prevents the liver from working properly.
  • Claudication (Leg Cramps)A symptom of peripheral artery disease (PAD) in which narrowed or blocked arteries in the leg cause the leg muscles to contract.
  • Cleft Lip and PalateA cleft lip is the separation of parts of the lip, which often includes the bones of the upper jaw and/or upper gum. A cleft palate occurs when two sides of the palate do not join together while the baby is developing in the womb, leaving an opening in the roof of the mouth.
  • Cognitive Disorders Any disorder, such as Alzheimer's) that significantly impairs the cognitive functions of an individual to the point where normal functioning in society is impossible without treatment.
  • ColitisColitis is a chronic digestive disease characterized by inflammation of the inner lining of the colon, often autoimmune or infectious.
  • Colon CancerA cancer of the colon or rectum, which may begin as noncancerous polyps.
  • ColonoscopyA colonoscopy screening is the number one tool to help detect early signs of cancer. It allows doctors to remove polyps that over time can become cancerous.
  • Colorectal CancerColorectal cancer, also called anal cancer, occurs when your cells in your colon or rectum begin to grow out of control. Most start as polyps, which are growths on the lining of the colon or rectum, though not all polyps develop into cancer.
  • Colorectal Cancer SurgeryColorectal surgeons most frequently manage and treat disorders of the rectum, anus, and colon.
  • ConcussionA traumatic brain injury caused by a blow, jolt or hit to the head or body.
  • Congenital Heart DiseaseOccurs when a person has structural problems in his or her heart that have existed since birth.
  • Corneal Diseases A group of conditions that affect your cornea, including keratitis, corneal dystrophy and corneal ectasia. Causes range from genetic mutations to eye injuries.
  • Coronary AngiogramA catheter-based imaging test that provides a detailed look at the arteries supplying your heart with blood.
  • Coronary AngioplastyA common catheter-based procedure used to dissolve blockages in the main artery leading to the heart, improving symptoms of coronary artery disease.
  • Coronary Artery Bypass SurgeryRedirects blood flow around clogged arteries, lessening the risk of blood clots and improving oxygen circulation to the heart.
  • Coronary Artery DiseaseA buildup of plaque in the lining of your arteries, causing blood clots that lead to restricted blood flow and, ultimately, heart attack.
  • Cranial & Spinal Dural FistulasRare and abnormal connections between arteries, the outermost layer of the brain and a draining vein.
  • Craniofacial DeformitiesA craniofacial deformity is a condition that affects the way the skull and face develop.
  • Critical Care MedicineMedical care for those whose life-threatening illness or injuries requires constant, comprehensive monitoring by a team of specially trained health care providers.
  • Crohn's DiseaseCrohn´s disease is an extreme case of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), generally occurring at the end of the small intestine and making the digestive tract prone to sores and ulcers.
  • Cystic Fibrosis (CF)An inherited disease that causes thick, sticky mucus to form in the lungs and clog the airways, making it hard to breathe. This condition can potentially cause lung damage and affect other organs.
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  • DementiaA general term for loss of memory, language, problem-solving and other thinking abilities that are severe enough to interfere with daily life.
  • Depression & Mood DisordersA group of conditions associated with the elevation or lowering of a person's mood, such as depression or bipolar disorder.
  • DermatologyThe study of medicine that focuses on diseases and issues pertaining to the skin, nails and hair.
  • DiabetesA disease that affects the body's ability to produce or respond to insulin, a hormone that enables cells to absorb glucose and use it as energy. Diabetes is both an endocrine and a metabolic disease.
  • Diabetic RetinopathyA disease in which the small blood vessels in the retina (the back, inner layer of the eye that captures light and sends the signals to the optic nerve) are slowly damaged, causing them to swell and leak fluid.
  • Diastolic Heart FailureWhen your heart contracts normally, but the ventricles remain stiff or don’t relax, causing less blood to enter the heart and fluid to build up in the lungs.
  • Digestive DisordersCommon digestive disorders include gastroesophageal reflux disease, cancer, irritable bowel syndrome, lactose intolerance and hiatal hernia.
  • Digestive SurgeryHouston Methodist specializes in surgically treating diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, including gallstones and other disorders of the biliary tract, intestinal cancers, hernias, inflammatory bowel disease, liver and pancreatic cancers, gastroesophageal reflux disease and other disorders of the esophagus, bariatric surgery and other stomach-related disorders.
  • Diverticulitis & Diverticular DiseaseDiverticulitis occurs at weak points in the wall of the large intestine (colon), which can cause pain, infection or the need for emergency surgery.
  • Dry Eye Dry eye syndrome occurs due to reduced tear production, poor quality tears or excessive tear evaporation. It can cause eye discomfort and poor vision, and lead to other eye diseases.
  • DysarthriaDysarthria involves weakness or difficulty controlling or coordinating the muscles used for speaking, resulting in slow, slurred speech.
  • Dyspepsia (Indigestion)Dyspepsia describes recurring symptoms of an upset stomach. Indigestion is an umbrella term for a group of gastrointestinal symptoms that occur together, including pain, a burning feeling or discomfort in your upper abdomen.
  • DysphagiaDysphagia is a term that describes difficulty swallowing (i.e., taking more time and effort to move food or liquid from the mouth to the stomach).
  • DystoniaDisordered movement of voluntary muscles, resulting in intermittent or persistent involuntary contractions that present as tremors or twisting.
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  • Ear DisordersAny disease or disorder that affects the human ear and hearing, including ear infection, dizziness, balance problems, hearing loss and facial nerve problems.
  • Ear InfectionsAn infection of the middle ear (called otitis media), the air-filled space behind the eardrum that contains the tiny vibrating bones of the ear. More common in children.
  • Ear, Nose & Throat (ENT)Otolaryngologists, commonly known as ear, nose and throat doctors or ENTs, treat diseases and disorders of the ear, nose and throat, including problems with the sinuses and inner ear.
  • EarachePain in the inner or outer ear that may interfere with ability to hear, often caused by excess fluid and infection.
  • EchocardiogramUses ultrasound waves to evaluate how blood moves through the heart chambers and valves in your heart.
  • ElectrophysiologyA test performed to assess your heart's electrical system or activity and is used to diagnose abnormal heartbeats or arrhythmia.
  • Emergency CareEmergency care from board-certified emergency doctors and nurses that is available 24/7/365 and provides the full spectrum of medical services to all patients who need emergency assistance.
  • EndocarditisInflammation of the inner lining (endocardium) of your heart, which can affect the heart valves and other structures.
  • Endocrine SurgeryOur surgeons partner with endocrinologists, nephrologists, oncologists, radiologists and pathologists to treat diseases and disorders of the thyroid, parathyroid, pancreas and adrenal glands.
  • EndocrinologyA branch of physiology and medicine dealing with the endocrine system, its diseases and its specific secretions known as hormones.
  • Endometrial CancerAlso called uterine cancer, endometrial cancer is a type of cancer that begins as a growth of cells in the uterus.
  • EndometriosisA typically painful condition causing tissue that usually lines the inside of the uterus to grow outside the uterus and onto the ovaries, bowel and pelvic tissue.
  • EndoscopyAn upper endoscopy is a minimally invasive diagnostic procedure that assesses the upper digestive system and the interior surfaces of the esophagus and stomach.
  • Epilepsy & SeizuresEpilepsy is characterized by repeated, spontaneous seizures — episodes of disturbed brain function — caused by abnormal electrical signals in the brain.
  • Erectile DysfunctionAlso known as male impotence, a condition which prevents a man from having or sustaining an erection to finish having sex.
  • Esophageal CancerA disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the esophagus. Smoking, heavy alcohol use, and Barrett esophagus can increase the risk of this cancer.
  • Esophageal StricturesAn esophageal stricture is an abnormal tightening or narrowing of the esophagus that makes it difficult to swallow
  • Esophageal WebAn esophageal web is a thin, fibrous, mucous membrane that forms across the throat and may cause difficulty swallowing.
  • EsophagitisEsophagitis is inflammation that damages the tube running from your throat to the stomach (esophagus) causing difficulty swallowing and chest pain with eating.
  • Essential & Familial TremorsThis non-dangerous neurological disorder causes a rhythmic shaking that can occur in the hands, head, voice, legs and arms, especially while doing simple tasks.
  • Eye CancerRefers to any cancer that starts in the eye.
  • Eye CareOphthalmology is the branch of medicine dealing with the structure, functions and diseases of the eye.
  • Eye Floaters, Flashes or Retinal DetachmentRetinal detachment occurs when the retina is pulled away from the back of the eye where it normally resides. It will cause blindness if not immediately treated. Symptoms include floaters, flashes and blurry vision.
  • Eyelid Irritation & InfectionsThe eyelid can be the site of infectious and inflammatory conditions called blepharitis, resulting in irritation, mattering, itching, red eyelids and dry eyes.
F
  • Facial InjuriesFacial injuries (also known as maxillofacial injuries) are all types of injuries to the face, jawbone or mouth.
  • Facial Paralysis Surgery When surgeons use all or parts of muscles, nerves or both from other parts of the body to restore motion to the lower half of the face. Also called facial reanimation surgery.
  • Facial Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery Our experts have extensive experience reshaping and restoring function to facial structures, including your ears, nose, mouth, neck and skin.
  • Fecal Incontinence & ConstipationFecal incontinence is not being able to control bowel movements. Constipation is a problem with passing stool.
  • FibromyalgiaThis chronic disorder causes widespread, deep muscle pain, fatigue and mood and memory issues.
  • Foregut DiseasesForegut diseases include diseases of the esophagus, stomach and duodenum.
G
  • Gait Disorders & ProblemsConditions that cause difficulty walking, resulting in increased risk of falling.
  • GallstonesGallstones are small, pebble-like stone particles of cholesterol or calcium salts that form from bile in the gallbladder.
  • Gastroenterology & GI SurgeryThe study of the normal function and diseases of the esophagus, stomach, small intestine, colon and rectum, pancreas, gallbladder, bile ducts and liver.
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a serious condition that occurs when a valve in the esophagus does not close completely, causing stomach acid to travel back up into the esophagus. Warning signs can include a burning sensation in the back of the mouth, a fowl taste in your mouth and heartburn.
  • Germ Cell TumorsRare tumors that develop from cells that are precursors to sperm and eggs in a developing fetus.
  • GlaucomaA group of eye diseases that result in damage to the optic nerve, which is located in the back of the eye and is responsible for carrying information from the eye to the brain.
  • GliomasThis type of tumor starts in the brain or spine.
  • Guillain-Barré Syndrome (GBS)A disorder of the peripheral nerves, often preceded by a virus infection, usually beginning in the lower limbs and resulting in abnormal sensation and muscle weakness or paralysis.
  • Gynecologic OncologyFocuses on cancers of the female reproductive system, including ovarian cancer, uterine cancer, vaginal cancer, cervical cancer and vulvar cancer.
  • GynecologyInvolves the treatment of women's diseases, especially those of the reproductive organs. It is often paired with the field of obstetrics, known as obstetrics and gynecology (OB-GYN).
H
  • Hand TherapyFocuses on strengthening and restoring range of motion and functions in the hands and upper extremities using specialized diagnostic, treatment and rehabilitation options.
  • Head & Neck CancerThese types of cancers include thyroid cancer, oral cancer, pharyngeal (throat) cancer and laryngeal cancer.
  • Head & Neck DisordersInclude salivary gland disorders, thyroid and parathyroid diseases, sleep disorders and tumors of the head and neck, including skin cancers.
  • Head & Neck InfectionsInfections that can affect the head and neck areas. Some are cancer-related and others are caused by bacterial infection.
  • HeadachesDull, aching pain across the forehead, behind the eyes or on the sides or back of the head.
  • Heart & VascularBranch of medicine that focuses on the cardiovascular system and the heart.
  • Heart AttackOccurs when the arteries that deliver blood to your heart become blocked, most commonly as a result of coronary artery disease.
  • Heart BlocksA type of arrhythmia that affects the rate (number of beats per minute) or rhythm (pattern of pulses produce) of your heartbeat.
  • Heart Disease in WomenHeart disease is the leading cause of death of women in the U.S., and women often don’t exhibit classic symptoms.
  • Heart FailureA condition in which the heart cannot pump enough blood to meet the body's needs.
  • Heart Scan ServicesAlso called calcium scoring, a heart scan and vascular screening assess your risk of developing heart disease and help physicians anticipate future cardiac events.
  • Heart TransplantSurgery to replace a damaged or failing heart with a healthy heart from a donor who's recently died.
  • Heart TumorAlso called cardiac tumors, heart tumors are abnormal growths in the tissue of the heart.
  • Heart Valve SurgeryRepairing or replacing a heart valve that is no longer functioning properly.
  • HeartburnHeartburn is a common condition that occurs when stomach acid is forced back up the esophagus. When this happens, a feeling of warmth or burning may occur in the chest.
  • HematologyBranch of medicine involving the study of the cause, prognosis, treatment and prevention of diseases related to blood.
  • HepatitisHepatitis is an inflammation of the liver that can be caused by a variety of infectious viruses and noninfectious agents.
  • Hereditary Eye DiseasesInherited eye diseases such as glaucoma, cataracts, retinal degeneration and eye malformations.
  • HerniaA hernia occurs when tissue inside the body pushes through a weak section in the muscle of the abdomen or groin.
  • Herniated DiskA condition in which the outer ring of a spinal vertebrae is damaged, causing pain, numbness or weakness in the arms or legs.
  • Hiatal HerniaA hiatal hernia occurs when the stomach bulges into the chest.
  • High Blood PressureA common cause of heart disease, in which your heart’s blood pressure remains abnormally elevated for a sustained period of time.
  • Hormone DisordersOccur when a gland produces too much or too little of one or more hormones, the body's chemical messengers
  • Hormone TherapyUsed to treat specific types of cancer that can only grow in the presence of certain hormones, such as some breast cancers and prostate cancer.
  • HospitalistsProvide specialized, coordinated, day-to-day care for inpatients (patients who require a hospital stay).
  • Huntington's Disease (Chorea)A progressive, inherited movement disorder that causes progressive degeneration of the nerve cells in your brain and causes movement, cognitive and psychiatric disorders. A type of chorea.
  • HydrocephalusAlso known as “water on the brain,” this condition is a result of fluid buildup on the brain that causes increased pressure on the skull.
  • HypertensionAlso called hypertension, a common heart condition in which a person’s blood pressure remains abnormally elevated for a sustained period of time.
  • Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM)A genetic disease causing abnormal heart thickening.
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  • Image-Guided Therapy Uses a variety of imaging technologies, including 3D, 4D, 5D and 6D functional images, to plan the best surgical approach in virtual reality prior to surgery, or even as the operation is underway to visualize the procedure.
  • Imaging & RadiologyUses medical imaging (pictures) and imaging tests to diagnose diseases and guide their treatment.
  • ImmunotherapyUses drugs or treatments that are specifically designed to help stimulate or strengthen the immune system in order to more effectively target and/or fight cancer cells.
  • Immunotherapy for Brain TumorsThere are several different types of this advanced treatment. Some use your immune system to fight cancer while others use immune system chemicals that are refined by expert oncologists.
  • Impacted TeethWisdom teeth that either do not break through the gums or remain trapped in the jawbone or surrounding tissue due to the lack of space in the dental arch.
  • Impedance pH TestThe 24-hour impedance pH (nasal catheter) probe test detects reflux activity. This test allows for the detection of both acid and nonacid reflux in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) while the patient is on or off acid-suppressive therapy.
  • Implantable Medical DevicesManufactured instruments that can treat certain heart conditions by helping the heart function at a normal level.
  • IncontinenceLoss of bladder control, ranging from mild leakage to uncontrollable urine loss.
  • Infectious DiseaseAlso called communicable diseases), these are disorders caused by organisms that live in and on our bodies, such as bacteria, viruses, parasites or fungi.
  • Infertility - FemaleThe inability to get pregnant (conceive) after one year (or longer) of unprotected sex.
  • Infertility - MaleThe inability to conceive a child after a year or more of frequent, unprotected sexual intercourse.
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) occurs because of chronic inflammation of the digestive tract.
  • InsomniaRepeated difficulty with sleep initiation, duration, consolidation or quality despite adequate time and opportunity for sleep.
  • Internal MedicineInternal medicine, or general medicine, is the medical specialty that manages the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of adult diseases.
  • Interstitial Lung DiseaseEncompasses hundreds of disorders characterized by lung tissue inflammation, followed by scarring.
  • Intracranial Atherosclerotic DiseasePlaque made of cholesterol, fatty deposits and other materials builds up in the blood vessels at the base of the brain, causing them to narrow and harden.
  • Islet TransplantThe transplantation of isolated islets from a donor pancreas into another person. It is a treatment for type 1 diabetes.
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  • Joint Replacement SurgeryA procedure in which a surgeon removes a damaged joint and replaces it with a new, artificial part.
K
  • Keratitis (Corneal Inflammation)Inflammation of the clear tissue on the front of the eye (cornea).
  • Kidney CancerOccurs when cells in the kidney grow uncontrollably.
  • Kidney DiseaseNational Institutes of Health estimates more than 20 million U.S. adults as young as 20 years old have chronic kidney disease (CKD), the gradual loss of kidney function.
  • Kidney StonesOccur when high levels of certain substances, such as calcium, occur in the urine.
  • Kidney TransplantAlso called renal transplant, surgery to place a healthy kidney from a living or deceased donor into a patient with end-stage kidney disease.
  • Knee ReplacementSurgery to replace the knee joint with a man-made artificial joint.
  • Knee SurgeryA common minimally invasive surgery to relieve knee pain.
  • KyphosisAlso called Kelso’s hunchback, this condition is characterized by excessive outward curvature of the spine.
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  • Lab ServicesHouston Methodist provides our patients with high-quality outpatient laboratory testing throughout the Greater Houston area.
  • Labor & DeliveryHighly specialized childbirth care for moms-to-be who want more options, including natural childbirth.
  • Lactose IntoleranceLactose intolerance is the body´s inability to digest the milk sugar (called lactose) found in dairy products.
  • Laparoscopic SurgeryA minimally invasive surgery that uses fewer and smaller incisions than open surgery. Benefits include: less pain and blood loss, shorter hospital stays, faster recovery, fewer complications and little or no scarring.
  • Lariat ProcedureA minimally invasive, catheter-based procedure that helps prevent stroke in individuals with atrial fibrillation (AFib) who are unable to take blood thinning medication.
  • LeukemiaA type of blood cancer. Starts in blood-forming tissue, such as the bone marrow, and causes large numbers of abnormal blood cells to be produced and enter the bloodstream.
  • Limb IschemiaOccurring when blood flow to a limb suddenly decreases, this is the most severe form of peripheral artery disease (PAD) and can lead to amputation if not treated.
  • Liver CancerLiver cancer is a disease in which cells in the liver grow out of control.
  • Liver DiseaseAny condition (including hepatitis, cirrhosis and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease) that damages the liver and prevents it from functioning well.
  • Liver TransplantA liver transplant is Surgery that removes a liver that no longer functions properly (liver failure) and replaces it with a healthy liver from a deceased donor or a portion of a healthy liver from a living donor.
  • LordosisAlso called swayback, this condition causes the spine to curve inward.
  • Lou Gehrig’s Disease (ALS)ALS (also known as Lou Gehrig’s disease) is a nervous system disorder that causes muscle weakness and interferes with physical function.
  • Low Back PainMuscle weakness, spasms and general pain in the low back that varies in severity from mild to debilitating.
  • Lung CancerBegins in the lungs, and most often occurs in people who smoke or who have smoked. It may spread to the lymph nodes or other organs in the body, like the brain.
  • Lung DiseaseLung disease refers to many breathing disorders. If all types of these disorders are grouped together, lung disease is the third leading cause of death in the U.S.
  • Lung TransplantA surgical procedure to replace a diseased or failing lung with a healthy lung, usually from a deceased donor.
  • LupusAn autoimmune disease (more common in women than men) that damages the skin, heart, lung, kidneys and brain, as well as joints.
  • LymphedemaA build-up of lymph fluid in the fatty tissues just under your skin that can cause swelling and discomfort.
  • LymphomaCancer of the lymph nodes; includes two main types: Hodgkin’s lymphoma and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma.
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  • Macular DegenerationCauses loss in the center of the field of vision.
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)Uses high-powered magnets and radio waves to produce images of organs and structures.
  • Male InfertilityThe inability to conceive a child after a year or more of frequent, unprotected sexual intercourse.
  • MammogramsAn X-ray picture of the breasts for breast cancer screening or diagnostic purposes.
  • Marfan SyndromeA genetic disorder characterized by abnormal growth of connective tissue, which can result in heart defects.
  • MelanomaMelanoma, or skin cancer, is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal skin cells. If left unchecked, these cancer cells can spread from the skin into other tissues and organs.
  • Men's HealthOur center experts diagnose, monitor and treat common conditions such as low testosterone, erectile dysfunction, prostate health, metabolic syndrome and bladder and kidney health.
  • Meniere's DiseaseAn inner ear disorder that causes episodic hearing loss and vertigo
  • Meningioma Brain TumorsFairly common, benign, slow-growing tumors that grow in the thick membrane that covers the brain and spinal cord.
  • MenopauseThe absence of menstruation for 12 consecutive months. Most women begin menopause between ages 45 and 50.
  • Metabolic DiseaseOccur when your body’s biochemical pathways are disrupted.
  • MigrainesThrobbing, severe pain in the head that lasts 4 to 72 hours. Nausea, vomiting and sensitivity to light and sound can also accompany migraine pain.
  • Minimally Invasive Cardiac SurgeryAn alternative to traditional, open-chest bypass surgery and aortic and mitral valve procedures, allowing for faster recovery and shorter hospital stays.
  • Minimally Invasive SurgeryUses fewer and smaller incisions than open surgery. Benefits include: less pain and blood loss, shorter hospital stays, faster recovery, fewer complications and little or no scarring.
  • MinistrokeA brief blockage of blood to the brain that is also called a transient ischemic attack (TIA).
  • Mitochondrial DisordersChronic, often genetic disorders that occur when the mitochondria of the cell fails to produce enough energy for cell or organ function.
  • Mitral Valve DiseaseA type of valve disease affecting the mitral valve that leads to blood leaking back into or building up in the left atrium of your heart.
  • Movement & Functional Disorders Movement and functional disorders include a group of chronic neurological conditions — like Parkinson's disease or Huntington's disease — that cause problems with movement, thinking, voice, emotion and behavior.
  • MoyaMoya DiseaseA progressive disease where the arteries at the base of the brain become blocked, and to compensate, tiny blood vessels grow in a wispy, tangled mass.
  • Multi-Organ TransplantA surgery in which two or more diseased organs are replaced with healthy donor organs, usually from the same donor.
  • Multiple Sclerosis (MS)This condition develops when the body’s immune system attacks the myelin sheath that covers nerves, disrupting communication between your brain and body.
  • Multiple System Atrophy (MSA)A rare degenerative disorder that resembles Parkinson’s disease and negatively impacts blood pressure, heart rate, bladder function and digestion. 
  • Muscular Dystrophy (MD)A group of diseases that cause progressive muscle weakness and loss of muscle mass.
  • Music TherapyCan help patients improve cognitive, physical, psychological and social functioning. Research shows that music helps alleviate pain as well as decrease blood pressure, heart rate, stress and anxiety.
  • Myasthenia GravisAn autoimmune and neuromuscular disorder in which voluntary muscles tire rapidly and get progressively weaker over time.
  • MyocarditisInflammation of the middle layer of the wall of your heart, which can lead to a weakened and enlarged heart.
  • MyoclonusSudden, involuntary jerking or twitching movements when a muscle contracts or relaxes.
  • Myofascial Pain SyndromeA chronic pain disorder that can be caused by poor posture, stress-related tension, overuse or skeletal muscle injury.
  • Myopathy & Inflammatory MyopathyMuscle fibers do not function properly, resulting in muscle weakness, involuntary movement or spasms.
  • Myositis, Polymyositis, Inflammatory MyopathyInflammation of muscle tissue that may cause muscle weakness.
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  • NarcolepsyA chronic neurological disorder caused by the brain's inability to regulate sleep-wake cycles normally.
  • Nasal & Sinus DisordersDisorders affecting the nasal passages and sinuses.
  • Neck PainMuscle stiffness, numbness, weakness and discomfort in the tissues of the neck.
  • Necrotizing ColitisA serious but rare disease that occurs when part of your colon dies.
  • Necrotizing PancreatitisAn extreme complication of acute pancreatitis that occurs when part of your pancreas dies.
  • NephrologyA specialty of internal medicine that focuses on the treatment of diseases that affect the kidneys.
  • NeuralgiaPainful neuropathy caused by nerve irritation, inflammation or damage.
  • Neurogenic BowelThe loss of normal bowel function due to an injury to the nervous system, such as from spinal cord injury, multiple sclerosis or spina bifida.
  • NeurologyConcerns the diagnosis and treatment of conditions and disease involving the nervous system, comprised of the brain, the spinal cord and the peripheral nerves.
  • Neuromuscular DisordersDisorders that interfere with the connection between your nervous system and your muscles, impacting your ability to move.
  • Neuropathic PainThis condition occurs when damaged nerve fibers send incorrect signals to pain centers in the brain, resulting in chronic pain.
  • NeurosurgerySurgery performed on the nervous system, especially the brain and spinal cord.
  • Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD)Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) covers a wide range of liver conditions affecting people who drink little to no alcohol. The main characteristic of NAFLD is too much fat stored in liver cells.
  • Non-Alcoholic Steatohepatitis (NASH)Liver inflammation and damage caused by a buildup of fat in the liver. It is part of a group of conditions called nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.
  • Nuclear CardiologyUses small amounts of radiation to allow for advanced imaging of the structure and function of your heart.
  • Nuclear Medicine (PET/CT)Uses small amounts of radioactive materials to examine organ function and structure. Positron emission tomography (PET) is a type of nuclear medicine that uses radioactive materials, a special camera and computer tevaluate organ and tissue functions.
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  • OB-GYNA doctor of obstetrics and gynecology who specializes in pregnancy, childbirth and the female reproductive system.
  • ObstetricsHighly specialized childbirth care for moms-to-be who want more options, including natural childbirth.
  • Obstructive Sleep ApneaA common and serious disorder characterized by periods of reduced or ceased breathing during sleep.
  • Occupational TherapyInvolves the treatment and rehabilitation of hand, wrist, elbow and shoulder injuries and conditions.
  • Ocular Motility DisturbancesAbnormal eye alignment or difficulty in controlling eye movements.
  • Open-Heart SurgeryIncludes a variety of surgeries that restore your heart’s normal function.
  • OphthalmologyA branch of medicine that deals with diagnosis and treatment of eye disorders
  • Optic Nerve DiseaseA set of diseases that disrupt the normal function of the eye.
  • Optic Nerve Disorders (Neuro-Ophthalmology)When swelling (inflammation) damages the optic nerve — a bundle of nerve fibers that transmits visual information from your eye to your brain. Can cause patterns of vision loss.
  • Optic Nerve TumorsBenign or cancerous growths that develop on the optic nerve.
  • Optic NeuritisOptic nerve inflammation that can cause intense headaches and vision loss.
  • Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery & DentistryThe treatment of conditions, deformities and injuries of the face, jaws, mouth, and teeth.
  • Oral Cysts & TumorsRelatively rare growths or lesions that develop in the jawbone or the soft tissues in the mouth and face.
  • Orbital Diseases & TumorsTumors that emerge within the eye socket or form in adjacent sources, such as the eyelid, paranasal (the space that surrounds the nasal cavity), sinus or intracranial compartment.
  • Organ TransplantSurgery where an organ is removed from one body and placed in the body of a recipient, to replace a damaged or missing organ.
  • Orthopedic OncologyTreatment, including radiation and surgery, for patients with bone and soft tissue tumors.
  • Orthopedic SurgerySurgery involving the skeletal system and its interconnecting parts: bones, muscles and joints.
  • OrthopedicsThe branch of medicine that focuses on the skeletal system and its interconnecting parts: bones, muscles and joints.
  • OsteoporosisA disease that causes bones to become fragile and more likely to fracture, most frequently in postmenopausal women.
  • OtolaryngologyThe surgical and medical management of diseases of the head and neck, including the ear and throat.
  • Ovarian CancerOccurs when cells within, near or on the ovaries grow out of control.
  • Ovarian CystFluid-filled sacs that form in or on the ovaries.
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  • Palliative CareA type of care for people living with a serious or life-threatening illness, focused on providing relief from the symptoms and stress of the illness.
  • Pancreas TransplantInvolves implanting a healthy pancreas into a person who usually has diabetes to hopefully restore insulin production and improve blood sugar control.
  • Pancreatic & Biliary DiseasesPancreatic and biliary disease encompass complex disorders of the pancreas, organs and ducts that facilitate digestion.
  • Pancreatic CancerPancreatic cancer occurs when the cells that line the ducts of the pancreas grow out of control, which is called pancreatic adenocarcinoma.
  • PancreatitisPancreatitis is inflammation within the pancreas. Pancreatitis can occur suddenly (acute) or gradually (chronic). Disease severity can be mild and may not require treatment at all; however, severe pancreatic damage can occur, leading to a life-threatening condition.
  • Parkinson’s DiseaseA progressive nervous system condition characterized by slight to severe tremors and cognitive and emotional challenges that worsen over time.
  • Pediatric Physical TherapyPhysical therapy for children to improve gait, mobility, gross motor function and developmental skills.
  • Pelvic Floor DisordersInclude pelvic organ prolapse, urinary incontinence and fecal incontinence in both men and women.
  • Pelvic Floor Physical TherapyRestores muscle and postural dysfunction and skeletal misalignment, which contribute to bladder and bowel control loss, sexual dysfunction and pelvic pain.
  • Pelvic HealthInvolves the best possible functioning and management of the bladder, bowel and reproductive organs, playing an important role in complete physical, mental, social and sexual well-being.
  • Pelvic Organ ProlapseWhen a woman’s pelvic organs, including the uterus, bladder and rectum, slip and create a bulge in the vagina after the muscles, tissues and ligaments supporting those organs weaken.
  • Pelvic PainPain or discomfort, ranging from a sharp jab to a dull ache, in the lowest part of the abdomen and pelvis.
  • Pelvic RestorationRestores the normal structure and function of the female pelvic organs.
  • Peptic UlcerA peptic ulcer is a sore on the lining of your stomach, small intestine or esophagus.
  • Percutaneous Atrial Septal Defect ClosureA catheter-based procedure used to repair a hole in the muscular wall in your heart.
  • Performing Arts MedicineEncompasses a specialized group of more than 100 Houston Methodist physicians working collaboratively to address the specific demands placed on artists.
  • Pericardial EffusionExcess fluid in your heart’s pericardium, which can ultimately lead to inflammation.
  • PericarditisInflammation of your heart’s pericardium that can result in chest pain.
  • Periodic Limb Movement Disorder (PLMD)Though this condition is similar to restless legs syndrome, PLMD occurs during sleep with regular intervals between involuntary movements.
  • Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD)Often referred to as peripheral vascular disease (PVD), a common circulation disorder that affects blood flow in your arteries.
  • Peripheral NeuropathyPeripheral neuropathy is caused by damage to the peripheral nerves and may cause weakness, numbness and pain in the hands and feet.
  • Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD)A common circulation disorder that affects blood flow through blood vessels.
  • Personality DisordersA deeply ingrained pattern of behavior that deviates markedly from the norms of generally accepted behavior, typically apparent by the time of adolescence, and causing long-term difficulties in personal relationships or in functioning in society.
  • Pharmacy ServicesWe partner with you to help you navigate the complex world of specialty pharmacy, helping you identify and obtain patient financial assistance services and programs, receive personalized refill reminders, and access our pharmacists 24/7 for support.
  • Physical Medicine & RehabilitationPhysical therapy and rehabilitation that uses advanced techniques and technology to create a personalized treatment plan specific to your needs,
  • Physical Therapy Through exercise, education and the latest equipment, helps you get relief from pain and regain strength after injury or surgery.
  • Pineal Region TumorsTumors that arise in the pineal gland, a small organ deep in the brain, can negatively impact production of melatonin and certain reproductive hormones.
  • Pituitary Gland TumorsThese tumors can grow inside or on the surface of the pituitary gland, interfering with many of the body’s daily functions.
  • Plastic & Reconstructive SurgeryRestores form and function lost due to trauma, tumor, disease or congenital conditions.
  • Pregnancy & ChildbirthHighly specialized childbirth care for moms-to-be who want more options, including natural childbirth.
  • Premature Atrial Contractions (PAC)a common type of arrhythmia that occurs due to premature electrical activation originating in the upper chamber of your heart.
  • Premature Ventricular Contractions (PVC) A common type of arrhythmia that occurs due to premature electrical activation originating in the lower chamber of your heart.
  • Primary CareCovers a range of prevention, wellness and treatment for common illnesses.
  • Primary Care Sports MedicineA primary care sports medicine doctor is a regular family doctor with specialized training in both the treatment and prevention of illness and injury.
  • Primary CNS Lymphoma (PCNSL)PCNSL is a type of cancer that originates from and grows in the brain or spinal cord and usually is classified as a type of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma.
  • Progressive Supranuclear Palsy (PSP)Also called Steele-Richardson-Olszewski syndrome, this progressive, rare disorder can make it difficult to balance, walk or control complex eye movements and may interfere with cognitive functions.
  • Prostate CancerA form of cancer that begins in the gland cells of a man's prostate, a small walnut-sized gland that produces seminal fluid.
  • Prostate IssuesWhen growth of the prostate blocks urine flow through the urethra, leading to urinary problems.
  • PsychiatryWe offer inpatient and outpatient programs and services to confront the complex and diverse mental health needs of our patients.
  • Pulmonary FibrosisA common lung disease where tissue deep in the lungs becomes thick, stiff and scarred, making it difficult to breathe.
  • Pulmonary HypertensionOccurs when arteries carrying blood from your heart to your lungs narrow to the point of restricting blood flow.
  • Pulmonary Valve DiseaseA common type of congenital heart disease in which pulmonary valve issues cause increased pressure in the right ventricle of your heart.
  • PulmonologyA subspecialty of internal medicine with specific knowledge and training to diagnose and treat patients with lung diseases as well as chest infections and breathing problems.
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  • Radiation TherapyRadiation therapy (radiotherapy) uses high-energy beams to shrink or destroy tumor cells and prevent them from growing. 
  • RadiologyA medical specialty that uses medical imaging to diagnose diseases and guide treatment.
  • Recovery & Rehabilitation Enhances and restores functional ability and quality of life to people with physical injuries, impairments or disabilities.
  • Rectal CancerWhen malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the rectum.
  • Refractive ErrorsA defect in the shape of the eye that causes improper bending of the light, resulting in blurred or fuzzy vision.
  • REM Sleep Behavior Disorder Patients with this chronic sleep disorder appear to "act out their dreams," sometimes injuring themselves or their bed partner.
  • Respiratory FailureWhen your lungs do not function well enough to perform everyday tasks and sustain your normal activities.
  • Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS)Also known as Willis-Ekbom disease, RLS is a neurological disorder characterized by a strong, almost irresistible urge to move your legs when you are awake.
  • Restrictive CardiomyopathyAlso known as stiff heart syndrome, a condition in which the heart either fills or contracts poorly due to heart muscle malfunction.
  • Retinal DetachmentWhen it the retina is detached from the layer of blood vessels that provide it with oxygen, the retina may deteriorate, causing loss of vision in the affected eye.
  • RheumatologyRheumatologists specialize in diagnosing and treating diseases and conditions of the body's connective tissue, as well as musculoskeletal problems and systemic illnesses, including autoimmune diseases.
  • Robotic-Assisted SurgerySurgery that uses a robotic interface to control tools more precisely during surgical procedures.
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  • Salivary Gland DiseaseThis disease attacks the tissues in the mouth and can cause swelling and pain, making it difficult to chew and swallow.
  • SchizophreniaA serious mental disorder that affects your ability to think and act clearly.
  • ScoliosisThe spine is twisted side-to-side in a C or S shape, or it is rotated out of normal alignment.
  • Septal Defect ClosureUses a catheter-based procedure or open surgery to repair a hole in the muscular wall in your heart.
  • Short Bowel Syndrome or Small Bowel DiseaseDevelops when the small intestine, or small bowel, is shortened or damaged and cannot absorb enough nutrients from food to maintain health.
  • Skilled NursingIn a skilled nursing facility, you will receive bedside care and personalized therapy consultations to improve independent mobility, self-care and communication.
  • Skin CancerThe uncontrolled growth of abnormal skin cells. If left unchecked, these cancer cells can spread from the skin into other tissues and organs.
  • Skin DiseasesDiseases affecting the skin, including skin reaction, infections, psoriasis, eczema, basal and squamous skin cancers and malignant melanoma.
  • Sleep ApneaWhen a person with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) falls asleep, his or her airway collapses and narrows, disrupting normal breathing patterns and sleep cycles — usually resulting in loud snoring.
  • Sleep DisordersChanges in sleeping patterns or habits that can negatively affect health. Include insomnia, restless legs syndrome, narcolepsy and sleep apnea.
  • Small Bowel ManometryA small bowel manometry test analyzes how well the muscles and nerves of the small intestine work in propelling liquid or food through the gastrointestinal tract.
  • SpasticityA muscle control condition in which there is an abnormal increase in the stiffness or tone of the muscles, interfering with movement or speech.
  • Specialty PharmacyOur pharmacy liaisons and clinical pharmacists specializing in your condition will partner with you to help you navigate the complex world of specialty pharmacy.
  • Speech ApraxiaSpeech apraxia affects the brain’s ability to create a plan to make the muscles of speech work.
  • Speech DisordersA condition in which a person has problems creating or forming the speech sounds needed to communicate with others.
  • Spinal Cord InjuryDamage to the bundle of nerves and nerve fibers that sends and receives signals from the brain.
  • Spinal Cord, Nerve Root & Plexopathy DisordersNerve damage to the brachial or lumbosacral networks of nerves, causing symptoms similar to lower back pain.
  • Spinal DeformityUnnatural curvature of the spine. 
  • Spinal TumorsGrowths that originate or spread to the spinal canal or the bones of the spine.
  • SpineOur spine specialists collaborate with neurologists, neuroradiologists, orthopedic surgeons, pain management specialists and rehabilitation experts to provide the most accurate diagnosis for your spinal condition.
  • Sports Medicine & Performance Provides comprehensive diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation of all musculoskeletal conditions and injuries.
  • Stereotactic RadiosurgeryA radiation therapy technique that increases precision and treats tumors that cannot be reached with traditional surgery. 
  • Stomach CancerCancers of the stomach usually start in the inner lining (adenocarcinomas). Esophageal cancer arises when cells that make up the tissue lining the esophagus grow out of control.
  • Stomach UlcerUlcers in the digestive tract are open sores of various sizes that won’t heal.
  • StrokeBlood flow to the brain is interrupted, either by a blockage (ischemic) or bleeding into the brain tissue (hemorrhagic).
  • StutteringStuttering (also called stammering or childhood-onset fluency disorder) is a speech disorder that occurs when you know what you wish to say but cannot physically do so.
  • Sudden Cardiac DeathLoss of heart function that is usually caused by or related to a type of arrhythmia, such as ventricular fibrillation.
  • Supraventricular Tachycardia (SVT)A type of arrhythmia originating above the ventricles that can cause sudden episodes of rapid heart rate.
  • Surgical Critical CareOur surgeons work 24/7 in an intensely collaborative emergency department, specializing in laparoscopic procedures and robotic-assisted techniques, which help achieve the best possible outcomes for patients.
  • Surgical ServicesOur surgeons use the most advanced procedures and state-of-the-art technology to provide you expert care across the full spectrum of surgical specialties — no matter your condition.
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  • Tardive DyskinesiaA disorder that involves involuntary, repetitive movements, usually of the face, eyes and jaw.
  • TAVI / TAVR (Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation)A minimally invasive catheter-based procedure used to replace and repair a dysfunctional aortic valve.
  • Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ)Fairly common disorders that can cause a range of pain in your jaw joint and in the muscles that control jaw movement.
  • Testicular CancerA buildup of extra cells in your testicles can result in the formation of a mass (tumor) that can either be malignant (cancerous) or benign (noncancerous).
  • Tetralogy of FallotA common type of congenital heart disease characterized by a combination of four heart defects.
  • Thoracic SurgeryCcmprehensive surgical treatment of diseases and conditions that affect the chest and lungs.
  • Thyroid Eye DiseaseAlso called Graves’ eye disease or Graves’ orbitopathy, this is an autoimmune condition that affects the tissues and muscles around the eye. Can occur in up to 50% of people with thyroid disorders.
  • Thyroid OrbitopathyAlso called thyroid eye disease, Graves’ eye disease or Graves’ orbitopathy, this is an autoimmune condition that affects the tissues and muscles around the eye. Can occur in up to 50% of people with thyroid disorders.
  • Tourette's SyndromeA neurological disorder that starts in childhood and involves unusual and frequent rapid, repetitive movements or sounds that cannot be controlled, called “tics.”
  • Transient Ischemic AttackA brief blockage of blood to the brain that is also called a ministroke.
  • TransplantWhen an organ is removed from one body and placed in the body of a recipient, to replace a damaged or missing organ.
  • Transposition of the Great Arteries (TGA)A common but complex type of congenital heart disease in which the two main vessels of the heart are switched in position.
  • Tricuspid Valve DiseaseA type of valve disease affecting the tricuspid valve that leads to blood leaking back into or building up in the right atrium of your heart.
  • Trigeminal Neuralgia & Facial Nerve DiseaseAlso known as prosopalgia, tic douloureux or Fothergill's disease, this chronic pain condition affects the trigeminal nerve at the base of the brain, which interferes with facial sensation.
  • Triple Negative Breast CancerUnlike other forms of breast cancer, triple negative breast cancer lacks estrogen and progesterone receptors and makes very little of the HER2 protein.
  • Tuberculosis (TB)Pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) is a serious infection caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) that involves the lungs but may spread to other organs.
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  • Ulcer DiseasesAn ulcer is, essentially, an open sore that is found on the mucous layer (inner lining) of the body’s various organs. The mucous layer protects the organ or gland.
  • Ulcerative ColitisUlcerative colitis is among the most common types of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). It is a form of chronic inflammation in the large intestine of the digestive tract causing abdominal pain and diarrhea.
  • UltrasoundUltrasound uses sound waves to produce images of soft tissues inside the body.
  • Urinary Incontinence - MenLoss of bladder control, ranging from mild leakage to uncontrollable urine loss.
  • Urinary Incontinence - WomenAccidental loss of urine and bladder control, ranging from occasionally leaking urine when you cough or sneeze to having a sudden and strong urge to urinate.
  • UrogynecologyThe study and treatment of pelvic floor disorders in women. The pelvic floor includes the muscles, ligaments and connective tissues that support organs such as the bowel, bladder, uterus, vagina and rectum.
  • Urology Focuses on treating urinary tract conditions in both men and women, as well as conditions affecting the male reproductive organs.
  • Uterine CancerAlso called endometrial cancer, uterine cancer is a type of cancer that begins as a growth of cells in the uterus.
  • Uveal MelanomaUveal melanoma is the most common form of eye cancer, and is often found during regular eye exams; however, symptoms are sometimes hard to detect.
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  • Valve DiseaseWhen a valve in your heart either doesn’t let enough blood through or doesn’t seal properly, leading to leakage, backflow or lack of blood flow.
  • Varicose VeinsAlso called spider veins, these are abnormally thick, bulging and gnarled veins that usually appear in the legs.
  • Vascular Malformations of the Brain & Spinal CordVascular malformations are rare abnormalities in the blood vessels and their membranes.
  • Vascular SurgeryUses stenting and angioplasty to treat conditions such as peripheral vascular disease (PVD), aneurysms and carotid artery disease.
  • Vascular UltrasoundUses high frequency sound waves to evaluate the circulation in your blood vessels, as well as examine blood flow in your arteries and veins.
  • Vascularized Composite Allotransplantation (VCA)Involves multiple tissue types including skin, bone, nerves and blood vessels (vascular means vessels) which are transplanted onto a patient.
  • VasectomySurgery performed to prevent sperm release during ejaculation. It can prevent pregnancy because an egg cannot be fertilized without sperm.
  • Ventricular Assist DeviceAn implanted mechanical device that helps maintain the pumping ability of your heart if it can’t work effectively on its own.
  • Ventricular FibrillationA severe type of arrhythmia in which erratic electrical impulses cause the heart to stop.
  • Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD)A common type of congenital heart disease that causes the heart to pump more than twice the normal amount of blood.
  • Ventricular TachycardiaAbnormally rapid heartbeats that originate from the lower chambers of the heart.
  • Vestibular SchwannomaAn acoustic neuroma (vestibular schwannoma) is a benign tumor involving a small nerve joining the inner ear to the brain stem.
  • Virtual Urgent CareTelemedicine 24/7 video visits with Houston Methodist providers for non-emergency, urgent care needs,
  • Voice Disorders & InjuriesProblems with pitch, volume, tone and other voice qualities that may occur when your vocal cords don't vibrate normally.
  • Vulvar & Vaginal CancersOccur when cells of the vulva (the outer part of a woman's genital organs) or the vagina (the hollow channel from the uterus to the outside of the body) grow out of control.
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  • Weight Loss ServicesHouston Methodist Center for Weight Loss & Bariatric Surgery offers a variety of ways to help you lose weight, including bariatric surgery, personalized programs, medical nutrition therapy and more.
  • Weight Loss SurgeryAlso known as bariatric surgery. Includes a group of operations that help you lose weight by making changes to your digestive system.
  • Weight ManagementThe process of making long-term lifestyle changes to maintain a healthy body weight based on your age, height and sex.
  • Wellness ServicesCorporate wellness solutions that focuses on lifestyle modification to improve well-being and reduce health care costs for companies as well as individuals.
  • Wilson DiseaseWilson disease is a rare, inherited multisystem disorder that affects the liver, nervous system, eyes and other vital organs. The root cause is the presence of excess copper and the inability to excrete it.
  • Wolff-Parkinson-White Syndrome (WPW)A rare type of arrhythmia present at birth that can cause sudden episodes of rapid heart rate.
  • Women's Heart DiseaseHeart disease is the leading cause of death of women in the U.S., and women often don’t exhibit classic symptoms.
  • Women's ServicesInclude medical and surgical gynecological care, labor and delivery, pelvic health, mammograms and breast care, gynecologic oncology and osteoporosis care.
  • Wound CareInvolves every stage of wound management, from pinpointing diagnosis to proper cleaning and the most effect treatment for the type of wound and healing conditions.
  • X-RayUses a small dose of radiation to produce images of body structures. Types include: barium X-ray, bone density scan, and fluoroscopy.
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