What is Esophageal Cancer?
The two most common forms of esophageal cancer are named for the type of cell that becomes cancerous and potentially malignant, spreading to other sites in the body.
- Squamous cell carcinoma (also called epidermoid carcinoma) arises from squamous (skin) cells, the thin, flat cells lining the esophagus. This particular type of cancer is most often found in the upper and middle part of the esophagus, but can occur anywhere along the esophagus.
- Adenocarcinoma begins in cells that make and release mucus and other fluids and usually form in the lower part of the esophagus, near the stomach.
How Can Houston Methodist Help?
Many disorders of the esophagus are not cancerous , including gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and esophageal motility disorders.
When esophageal cancer is found early there is a better chance of recovery, although it is often diagnosed in an advanced stage. At later stages, esophageal cancer can be treated but rarely can be cured.