Treatment & Procedures
A variety of surgeries are available to diagnose and treat cervical cancer.
- Conization is a cone-shaped piece of tissue removed from the cervix to facilitate diagnosis or to remove abnormal cells.
- Hysterectomy is a procedure where the uterus and cervix are surgically removed.
- Radical hysterectomy is a procedure where the uterus, cervix, upper vagina and adjacent tissues are surgically removed for the treatment of certain cervical cancers.
- Trachelectomy is a procedure where the cervix and upper part of the vagina are removed but not the body of the uterus in order to preserve fertility for certain patients.
- Pelvic exenteration is an operation that treats recurrent cervical cancer in which the same organs and tissues are removed as with a radical hysterectomy. Additional organs are potentially removed as well, including the bladder, vagina, rectum and part of the colon.
Pelvic lymph node dissection is a procedure where the pelvic lymph nodes adjacent to the cervix are removed to evaluate for spread of disease and for treatment planning. This is performed in combination with a radical hysterectomy. Surgeons at Houston Methodist perform radical hysterectomy or trachelectomy with pelvic lymph node dissection robotically, which results in a shorter overnight stay in the hospital.
Learn more on surgical treatment options, including the roles that different surgical approaches have in preventing, diagnosing and treating cancer.
Chemotherapy kills cancer cells using drugs that are given intravenously by IV or orally. You may receive your chemotherapy treatments in a clinic, at your doctor’s office, or if oral medication is prescribed, you may take your treatment at home. The way the chemotherapy is given depends on the type and stage of the cancer being treated.
Chemotherapy is used to treat cervical cancer in several situations. Chemotherapy can help radiation work more effectively in a combined therapy called “concurrent chemoradiation.” Chemotherapy can also be given without radiation before or after chemoradiation therapy. If cervical cancer returns or spreads, chemotherapy is also a viable option.
Radiation therapy is a cancer treatment that uses high-energy X-rays or other types of radiation to kill cancer cells or keep them from growing. Many different types of radiation can be employed, depending on the size and location of the tumor. Click here to learn more about the variety of innovative radiation therapies offered at Houston Methodist.