Treatment Options

Our Approach to Treatment

Houston Methodist’s medical, surgical and radiology oncologists are committed to offering you the most advanced cancer treatments available, including:

  • Surgery, depending on your cancer type and stage, as well as your age and overall health
    • Preventive (prophylactic) – recommended to prevent cancer development for high-risk patients
    • Biopsy (diagnostic) – removal of a portion of a suspicious mass to examine microscopically
    • Tumor removal – removal of a cancerous mass and a small amount of surrounding tissue. Your surgeon may perform minimally invasive techniques to speed your recovery
    • Debulking (cytoreductive) – removal of part of a tumor. The remaining cancer may be treated with radiation, chemotherapy or other therapies
      • Hyperthermic (heated) intraoperative peritoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) – used to treat cancers that spread to the abdominal cavity lining, such as those of the appendix, colon, stomach and ovaries. HIPEC directly delivers chemotherapy into the abdomen immediately after surgery while in the operating room
    • Palliative surgery – performed to reduce pain and disability
    • Cancer reconstructive surgery – reestablishes form and function in parts of your body affected by cancer or cancer treatment  
  • Radiation therapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Hormone therapy – deprives cancer cells of hormones needed to survive
  • Immunotherapy
  • Bone marrow transplantation
  • Targeted therapy – drugs or other substances that block cancer growth and spread by interfering with specific molecules associated with cancer




Your medical oncologist may recommend one or more of these therapies, depending on your disease.