Treatment Options

At Houston Methodist, your oncology team is committed to offering you the most advanced cancer treatments available. Our array of services includes established approaches as well as cutting-edge treatments developed at Houston Methodist.

Some treatments, such as surgery and radiation, are designed to act in a highly localized fashion in order to eradicate the tumor while sparing normal tissue. Chemotherapeutic agents hormone therapy, immunotherapy and stem cell transplantation are often used when the cancer has spread or when surgery is not an option.


The surgeons at Houston Methodist perform many types of cancer surgeries, all using the latest tools and techniques. Advancements in cancer surgery are making it safer and more effective than ever. Our surgeons have expertise in new minimally invasive surgical techniques that involve much smaller incisions than “open” procedures and can significantly reduce recovery time. These surgeries are often performed on an outpatient basis. 

Learn more about the surgical interventions that may be used to diagnose and treat your cancer
Radiation Therapy
Radiation therapy is more precise than ever before, offering new approaches to killing tumor cells while sparing normal tissue. Your radiation oncologist will discuss your options for internal or external radiation therapy, and design a treatment plan that will be most effective in treating your type of cancer. 

Learn more about the radiation therapy options at Houston Methodist.
Systemic Therapy
Systemic therapy with chemotherapeutic agents, hormone therapy, immunotherapy and stem cell transplantation may be the best options when the cancer has spread beyond the site of origin or when surgery is not an option. Any of these systemic treatments may also be useful as part of a combined approach with other treatments.

For example,  chemotherapy uses a “cocktail” of drugs (also referred to as “chemo” or chemotherapeutic agents) to kill cancer cells. A variety of hormone therapy approaches are available to deprive certain cancers of the hormones they need to survive.  Biological therapy, or immunotherapy, uses the body’s natural defenses to inhibit cancer cell growth, prevent cancer from spreading and strengthen the immune system.  In addition, transferring cells (bone marrow transplantation) can rescue the immune system. Researchers at Houston Methodist are actively exploring new applications in stem cell transfers as well as ways to use gene therapy to regulate cancer cells.


At Houston Methodist, we are dedicated to research and committed to our goal of making a clinical trial available to every patient who has a medical need and wants to participate. 

Learn more about our current cancer-related clinical trials.

The doctors and other health care providers at Houston Methodist are dedicated to providing the most up-to-date resources to screen for, diagnose and treat cancer.


Every person and every cancer is unique. This section provides some general information about treating cancer. You may find it helpful to look at additional information about treating your specific type of cancer.