Some treatments, such as surgery and radiation, are designed to act in a highly localized fashion in order to eradicate the tumor while sparing normal tissue. Chemotherapeutic agents hormone therapy, immunotherapy and stem cell transplantation are often used when the cancer has spread or when surgery is not an option.
The surgeons at Houston Methodist perform many types of cancer surgeries, all using the latest tools and techniques. Advancements in cancer surgery are making it safer and more effective than ever. Our surgeons have expertise in new minimally invasive surgical techniques that involve much smaller incisions than “open” procedures and can significantly reduce recovery time. These surgeries are often performed on an outpatient basis.
Radiation therapy is more precise than ever before, offering new approaches to killing tumor cells while sparing normal tissue. Your radiation oncologist will discuss your options for internal or external radiation therapy, and design a treatment plan that will be most effective in treating your type of cancer.
Systemic therapy treatments such as chemotherapy, hormone therapy, and immunotherapy travel through the bloodstream, affecting cells throughout the body. These therapies may be the best options when the cancer has spread beyond the site of origin or when surgery is not an option. Systemic therapy may also be useful as part of a combined approach with other treatments.
In addition, transferring cells (bone marrow transplantation) can rescue the immune system. Researchers at Houston Methodist are actively exploring new applications in stem cell transfers as well as ways to use gene therapy to regulate cancer cells.
At Houston Methodist, we are dedicated to research and committed to our goal of making a clinical trial available to every patient who has a medical need and wants to participate. Learn more about our current cancer-related clinical trials.