Kidney Cancer Treatment & Surgery

Houston Methodist’s cancer specialists treat kidney cancer, from early-stage to advanced disease. We use innovative diagnostic and surveillance tools and almost always perform minimally invasive robotic kidney cancer procedures — including robotic-assisted partial nephrectomy and robotic-assisted retroperitoneoscopic nephrectomy. With multiple locations across Houston, we offer expert care close to home or work.

Our Approach to Kidney Cancer Treatment

Our experts are among the best nationwide in treating kidney cancer, and we’re among few centers strongly focused on preserving as much of the kidney as possible in order to avoid dialysis and prevent kidney failure.


In addition to robotic-assisted partial nephrectomy, we specialize in advanced cases where disease involves veins that drain the kidney or extend into the vena cava, the body’s largest vein, or other adjacent organs. Our concentration on minimally invasive approaches decreases pain and complications, so you can recover more quickly.


Our specialists, including urologic oncologists, radiation and medical oncologists, collaborate to ensure each patient receives exceptional and personalized care. Our researchers perform clinical trials to study new immunotherapies and targeted therapies that will improve patient outcomes.

Kidney Cancer Treatment & Surgery Options We Offer

  • Partial nephrectomy – the cancerous portion of the kidney is removed, along with a margin of healthy tissue around it
  • Radical nephrectomy – the cancerous portion and entire kidney is removed (possibly with the adrenal gland), specifically in situations where the kidney tumor is too large or complex
  • Retroperitoneoscopic nephrectomy – similar to a traditional nephrectomy, except the bowel, spleen and liver are completely avoided during removal of the cancerous portion of the kidney — resulting in a shorter procedure and reducing any potential complications with the bowel
  • Cryotherapy – a hollow probe is inserted into the tumor and very cold gases are passed through to freeze and destroy the tumor
  • Radiofrequency ablation – a probe is inserted into the tumor, and an electrical current is sent through the probe to heat and destroy the tumor
  • Targeted therapy – biologic agents are used to target how the cancer creates new vessels that help continue its growth
  • Immunotherapy – a treatment using the body's natural defenses to fight cancer by stimulating white blood cells with specially designed drugs, allowing them to recognize and kill cancer cells
  • Reconstructive surgery – restores the structure and function of areas affected by kidney cancer and/or kidney cancer treatment

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