Prostate Cancer

Prostate Cancer

Our Approach to Treatment

Houston Methodist’s specialists are leaders in treating prostate cancer. We are committed to ensuring each patient receives expert care in a compassionate, collaborative and innovative environment.


Our doctors, nurses and staff use minimally invasive procedures to reduce pain, speed recovery and maintain quality of life. Experts, including medical, surgical and radiation oncologists, routinely consult to provide each patient with exceptional and personalized care.

 

Additionally, our dedication to quality patient care attracts the world’s leading doctors, surgeons and researchers to Houston Methodist.

 

Symptoms

  • Inability to pass urine
  • Difficulty starting or stopping urine flow
  • Needing to urinate often, especially at night
  • Weak urine flow
  • Urine flow that starts and stops
  • Pain or burning during urination
  • Difficulty having an erection
  • Blood in urine or semen
  • Lower back, hip or upper thigh pain
  • Erectile dysfunction

 

Risk factors

  • Age – commonly in men older than 50
  • Family history of prostate cancer
  • Race – African American men have a higher incidence rate
  • Being overweight

 

Screenings 

  • Digital Rectal Exam – performed during physical examinations for men older than 50. Your doctor inserts a lubricated, gloved finger into the lower part of your rectum to feel the prostate for lumps or other abnormalities
  • Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) test – measures levels of PSA, an enzyme prostate cells produce

 

Diagnostics 

  • Transrectal ultrasound — an ultrasound probe inserted into the rectum checks for prostate abnormalities. The probe passes sound waves off the prostate, and a computer creates a sonogram from the echoes
  • Transrectal ultrasound with MRI — a 3-D image that more precisely identifies prostate tumors and pinpoints biopsy sites. The increased accuracy of this procedure means as many as one-third of patients may opt for surveillance and avoid surgery
  • Transrectal biopsy – a needle inserted through the ultrasound probe into the prostate removes tissue samples from several different areas of the gland, which are examined for cancer cells