Most testicular cancers can be detected at an early stage, either during a general physical examination or when a doctor is consulted because of a lump in or swelling of a testicle.

Risk Factors for Testicular Cancer
A risk factor is anything that increases your chance of developing a disease such as cancer. Having one or more risk factors does not mean you will definitely develop testicular cancer, and having no risk factors does not mean you will not develop this type of cancer. 

Although the exact cause of testicular cancer is unknown, risk factors include the following:


  • Undescended testicle(s) or abnormal development of the testicles
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection
  • Personal or family history of testicular cancer
  • Age - incidence is higher in men ages 20 to 54 years
  • White men have a slightly higher incidence rate


Screening Tests for Testicular Cancer

Although not formally recommended by the American Cancer Society, it is generally a good idea for men to perform testicular self-examinations to feel for hard lumps or smooth rounded bumps and other changes to the size and shape of each testicle.  Yearly general examinations with your doctor is still the most important screening method.  If you have one or more risk factors for testicular cancer, talk about it with your doctor.

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