There are no simple, reliable ways to test for uterine cancer in women who do not have any signs or symptoms. This makes it especially important to recognize warning signs and risk factors, and learn what you can do to reduce your risk.
Risk Factors for Uterine Cancer
A risk factor is anything that affects your chance of getting a disease such as cancer, but risk factors do not tell us everything. Having one or more risk factors does not mean you will definitely get uterine cancer, and having no risk factors does not mean you cannot get it.
While the exact cause of uterine cancer is unknown, researchers have linked it to several risk factors. You may be at risk if these conditions apply to you:


  • You are overweight
  • You have never had children
  • Your first menstrual period was before age 12
  • You went through menopause after age 55
  • You have a family history of uterine or other cancers
  • You have taken estrogen without progesterone for menopausal hormone therapy
  • You have taken the drug tamoxifen to prevent or treat breast cancer
  • You have had radiation therapy to the pelvis


Screening Tests for Uterine Cancer
Although a great deal of research has been conducted to develop a screening test for uterine cancer, there has been limited success. Annual well-woman exams are one of the best methods available — not only to identify uterine cancer but also other gynecological conditions.


Houston Methodist and its peer institutions throughout the United States are engaged in many clinical trials of drugs and other treatment options that are in development. Our continued commitment to research enables us to improve present and future cancer care.  Learn about our current cancer-related clinical trials and speak with your doctor if you are interested in participating.


Our physicians specialize in managing uterine cancer at the following convenient Houston Methodist Cancer Center locations.