Uterine Cancer

In the United States, cancer of the endometrium — including both endometrial cancers and uterine sarcomas — are the most common cancer of the female reproductive organs. About three out of four cases are found in women aged 55 and older.
What is Uterine Cancer?
Cancer is the result of a mutation that causes otherwise normal cells to grow at an abnormal rate. A buildup of extra cells in the uterus can result in the formation of tumors, which may be either malignant (cancerous) or benign (noncancerous).
Benign tumors can be treated or surgically removed and usually do not grow back. Most cancers of the uterus are more than 95 percent carcinomas — cancerous growth in the cell lining or covering most organs (also known as epithelial cells). The remaining five percent are sarcomas, which are cancers that start from tissues, such as muscle, fat or bone.
The uterus is a hollow pelvic organ within the female reproductive system that is connected to the vagina by a narrow neck, the cervix.  Carcinomas starting in the cervix are called cervical carcinomas (see cervical cancer), while those originating in the endometrium (the lining of the uterus) are called endometrial (uterine) carcinomas.  The difference between these two types of gynecologic cancers can be confusing, but to clarify, when health care providers talk about uterine cancer, they are referring to cancer of the body of the uterus and not the portion of the uterus that is the cervix.


How Can Houston Methodist Help?
Our physicians at Houston Methodist are dedicated to providing the resources you need for the diagnosis and treatment of uterine cancer. This includes our cancer care team and experts within our gynecologic oncology women’s services.
Our continued commitment to research enables us to improve present and future cancer care. Learn about our current cancer-related clinical trials.