Ovarian Cancer

Ovarian cancer develops most often in older women and is the fifth most common cause of cancer death in women. about 22,000 women are diagnosed with ovarian cancer each year.
What is Ovarian Cancer?
Cancer is the result of a mutation that causes otherwise normal cells to grow at an abnormal rate. A buildup of extra cells in the ovaries can result in the formation of tumors, which may be either malignant (cancerous) or benign (noncancerous). Benign tumors can be treated or surgically removed and usually don’t grow back.
There are three main types of ovarian tumors.

  • Epithelial tumors are the most common of ovarian cancer and begin in cells that cover the outer surface of the ovary.
  • Germ cell tumors begin in the cells in the ovary that produce the eggs (ova).
  • Stromal tumors begin in the cells that hold the ovary together and produce hormones.

Ovarian cysts are different from ovarian tumors. These are fluid-filled sacs that can form in the ovaries and are common during childbearing years. Most of them are harmless and go away over time, but a very small number can be cancerous.
How Can Houston Methodist Help?
Houston Methodist provides the advanced resources and compassionate environment you need for the diagnosis and treatment of ovarian cancer.

Our continued commitment to research enables us to improve present and future cancer care. Learn about our current cancer-related clinical trials.

Learn more about screeningdiagnosing and treating ovarian cancer.