According to the National Cancer Institute, more than 1 million people in the United States are living with or in remission from leukemia, Hodgkin’s or non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, or myeloma. Combined, leukemia, lymphoma and myeloma cause the deaths of about 55,000 people each year .

What is Leukemia/Lymphoma?
Hematologic cancers are cancers of the blood and bone marrow. There are three main types of blood cancers:

  • Leukemia — Cancer of the blood or bone marrow; includes four main types: acute myeloid leukemia [AML], acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) and chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)
  • Lymphoma — Cancer of the lymph nodes; includes two main categories: Hodgkin’s lymphoma and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma 
  • Myeloma — cancer of the plasma cells

Leukemia is caused by the abnormal production of white blood cells in the bone marrow and blood, which impairs the ability of the bone marrow to produce red blood cells — which carry oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body and return carbon dioxide to be exhaled — and platelets , which are needed for blood clotting. Leukemia can spread to many other regions of the body.

Lymphoma is a blood cancer that affects the lymphatic (lymph node) system, which removes excess fluids from the body and produces immune cells. There are many different signs and symptoms of lymphoma, depending on where it is found in the body. Although the outlook for patients with lymphoma historically was poor, recent breakthrough research has transformed lymphoma into a curable condition. 

Perhaps the best way to learn about Houston Methodist and our highly trained specialists, compassionate environment and innovative cancer diagnosis and treatments is through our patients. View an inspiring story about Sophie Hoelscher, who was diagnosed with Hodgkin lymphoma and treated by an expert team of doctors at Houston Methodist.

How Can Houston Methodist Help?

At Houston Methodist, we are dedicated to providing the best possible screening and treatment care to our patients, as well as leading-edge diagnosis and treatment options that deliver the best possible results.
These different blood cancers have various treatment options and outcomes, and our specialists will ensure that you receive optimal care for your specific type of leukemia or lymphoma.
Our continued commitment to research enables us to improve present and future cancer care. Learn about our current cancer-related clinical trials.


Our physicians specialize in managing leukemia and lymphoma at the following convenient Houston Methodist Cancer Center locations.