Houston Methodist employs the use of minimally invasive, robotic-assisted surgery, such as the da Vinci® system, to provide patients with better outcomes and recovery times. During robotic-assisted surgery, the surgeon sits at a main console next to the patient. The surgeon’s hand movements are transmitted by a computer from the console to robotic arms, which access the surgical area through a small incision. The surgeon is also assisted by an experienced doctor at the patient’s side. Robotic surgery requires general anesthesia.
Why Is Robotic Surgery Performed?
Robotic surgery is similar to laparoscopic surgery, but it allows surgeons to perform more challenging surgeries that are not possible with traditional laparoscopy. The small, precise movements achieved with this type of surgery give it some advantages over standard techniques. Robotic surgery can be performed through smaller surgical incisions than traditional open surgery. Sometimes, robotic-assisted laparoscopy can allow a surgeon to perform a less-invasive procedure, once only possible with more invasive open surgery. When it is placed in the abdomen, a robotic arm is easier for the surgeon to use than the instruments in laparoscopic surgery.
The robot reduces the surgeon's movements (for example, moving a half inch for every one inch the surgeon moves), which reduces some of the hand tremors and movements that might otherwise make the surgery less precise. Robotic instruments can also access hard-to-reach areas of the body more easily through smaller surgical incisions compared to traditional open or laparoscopic surgery.
During robotic surgery, the surgeon can more easily see the operative area. The surgeon is also in a much more comfortable position and can move in a more natural way than during laparoscopy.
Robotic surgery may be used for a number of different procedures:
- Cutting away cancer tissue from sensitive parts of the body such as blood vessels, nerves or important body organs
- Kidney removal
- Kidney transplant
- Radical prostatectomy
- Tubal ligation
- Pelvic floor and prolapse procedures
- Endometriosis surgical removal
- Removal of the ovaries and fallopian tubes
Due to the more refined surgical movements, improved visualization and use of small incisions, robotic surgery has several advantages compared to open surgery:
- Faster recovery
- Less pain and bleeding
- Less risk of infection
- Shorter hospital stay
- Smaller scars
- Improved outcomes and better surgical results
Houston Methodist doctors have extensive experience with robotic-assisted surgeries for a variety of pelvic and gynecological conditions and can customize your treatment plan to your specific condition.
Houston Methodist provides robotic surgery at the following convenient locations: