Stephen J. Incavo, MD

Professor of Clinical Orthopedic Surgery, Institute for Academic Medicine
Houston Methodist
Weill Cornell Medical College


Stephen J. Incavo, MD is an Orthopaedic Surgeon and Section Chief of Adult Reconstructive Surgery at Houston Methodist Orthopedics & Sports Medicine. He specializes in joint reconstruction and total joint replacement of the hip and knee, as well as partial knee replacement. He utilizes the latest technology and minimally invasive techniques to treat arthritis of the hip and knee. He provides both consult on failed joint replacement procedures and performs revision surgery to repair failed joint replacements. Committed to excellence, he strives to achieve optimal, long term results in the treatment of both immediate and chronic problems. He integrates prevention into all of his treatment plans to reduce risk of future problems.

Dr. Incavo has been listed in the “Guide to America’s Top Surgeons” and featured among H Texas Top Doctors. He is dedicated to research to improve hip and knee replacement outcomes, internationally publishing scientific articles and book chapters on treatment outcomes. He is one of only a few surgeons worldwide to be a member of both The Hip Society and The Knee Society and is regularly invited to present his work at industry conferences and annual meetings.

Teaching residents and fellows his hip and knee replacement techniques for over 20 years, Dr. Incavo frequently serves as an invited lecturer for other orthopedic departments and institutions. He has worked closely with the orthopedic medical device industry to improve treatment and patient outcome and holds multiple patents. He also serves as a primary referral source for complex reconstructive hip and knee problems and serves on the editorial board for several scientific publications.

Description of Research

Dr. Incavo’s research projects focus on primary and revision total hip replacement and total knee replacement procedures.  He and his research team examine the causes of failed joint replacement procedures, as well as the long term viability of prosthetic devices, corrosion and wear of implants and components, adverse local tissue reaction in total hip replacement, range of motion after dual mobility total hip arthroplasty (effect of femoral head size and surgical approach), length of hospital stay causes and impact, accelerated physical therapy rehabilitation following elective primary hip and knee arthroplasty, and imaging and diagnostics.

Education & Training

Clinical Fellowship, University of Vermont College of Medicine
Residency, Fletcher Allen Health Care/Medical Ctr Hosp of VT
MD, State University of New York, Upstate Medical University

Response to Letter to the Editor on “Hypothermia in Total Joint Arthroplasty: A Wake-Up Call”
Simpson, JB & Incavo, SJ 2018, Journal of Arthroplasty, vol. 33, no. 9, pp. 3057-3058. DOI: 10.1016/j.arth.2018.05.023

Does Total Intravenous Anesthesia with Short-acting Spinal Anesthetics in PrimaryHipandKneeArthroplasty Facilitate Early Hospital Discharge?
Klavas, DM, Karim, A, Lambert, BS, Ferris, MS, Delgado, D & Incavo, SJ 2018, The Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, vol. 26, no. 10, pp. e221-e229. DOI: 10.5435/JAAOS-D-17-00474

The Medial Stabilized Knee Guides Knee Motion
Canham, CD & Incavo, SJ 2018, Techniques in Orthopaedics, vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 52-56. DOI: 10.1097/BTO.0000000000000262

Accuracy assessment of a novel image-free handheld robot for Total Knee Arthroplasty in a cadaveric study
Casper, M, Mitra, R, Khare, R, Jaramaz, B, Hamlin, B, McGinley, B, Mayman, D, Headrick, J, Urish, K, Gittins, M, Incavo, S & Neginhal, V 2018, Computer Assisted Surgery, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 14-20. DOI: 10.1080/24699322.2018.1519038

What's New in Hip Replacement
Ninomiya, JT, Dean, JC & Incavo, SJ 2017, The Journal of bone and joint surgery. American volume, vol. 99, no. 18, pp. 1591-1596. DOI: 10.2106/JBJS.17.00704

Corrosion and adverse local tissue reaction after total hip arthroplasty with a modular titanium alloy femoral neck
Canham, CD, Muradov, PI, Simpson, JB & Incavo, SJ 2017, Arthroplasty Today. DOI: 10.1016/j.artd.2017.03.003

Antibiotic impregnated total femur spacers: A technical tip
Canham, CD, Walsh, CP & Incavo, SJ 2017, Arthroplasty Today. DOI: 10.1016/j.artd.2017.06.001

Hypothermia in Total Joint Arthroplasty: A Wake-Up Call
Simpson, JB, Thomas, VS, Ismaily, SK, Muradov, PI, Noble, PC & Incavo, SJ 2017, Journal of Arthroplasty. DOI: 10.1016/j.arth.2017.10.057

Stemmed tibial revision component alignment: Does an anatomic conflict exist?
Smith, KM, Moorman, A, Ismaily, SK & Incavo, SJ 2016, Knee, vol. 23, no. 6, pp. 996-1001. DOI: 10.1016/j.knee.2016.08.009

External fixator immobilization after extensor mechanism reconstruction in total knee arthroplasty
Canham, CD, Walsh, C & Incavo, SJ 2016, Arthroplasty Today. DOI: 10.1016/j.artd.2016.11.007

Goals and Challenges of Identifying Asymptomatic Pseudotumors in Patients Treated with Total Hip Arthroplasty: Commentary on an article by Young-Min Kwon, MD, PhD, et al.: "Asymptomatic Pseudotumors in Patients with Taper Corrosion of a Dual-Taper Modular Femoral Stem: MARS-MRI and Metal Ion Study"
Incavo, SJ 2016, The Journal of bone and joint surgery. American volume, vol. 98, no. 20, pp. e93. DOI: 10.2106/JBJS.16.00688

Does Accelerated Physical Therapy After Elective Primary Hip and Knee Arthroplasty Facilitate Early Discharge?
Karim, A, Pulido, L & Incavo, S 2016, American journal of orthopedics (Belle Mead, N.J.), vol. 45, no. 6, pp. E337-E342.

Will New Metal Heads Restore Mechanical Integrity of Corroded Trunnions?
Derasari, A, Gold, JE, Ismaily, S, Noble, PC & Incavo, SJ 2016, Journal of Arthroplasty. DOI: 10.1016/j.arth.2016.10.007

Eighty-six Percent Failure Rate of a Modular-Neck Femoral Stem Design at 3 to 5 Years: Lessons Learned
Bernstein, DT, Meftah, M, Paranilam, J & Incavo, SJ 2016, The Journal of bone and joint surgery. American volume, vol. 98, no. 12, pp. e49. DOI: 10.2106/JBJS.15.01082

What's new in hip replacement
Ninomiya, JT, Dean, JC & Incavo, SJ 2016, Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery - American Volume, vol. 98, no. 18, pp. 1586-1593. DOI: 10.2106/JBJS.16.00702

Adverse Local Tissue Reaction in Total Hip Replacement
Evans, DC, Miller, RA & Incavo, SJ 2016, Internal Medicine Review, no. 1.

Patient-specific instrumentation and custom total knee implants in total knee arthroplasty
Isaacson, M, Bunn, K & Incavo, S 2015, Current Orthopaedic Practice, vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 224-227. DOI: 10.1097/BCO.0000000000000228

Quantifying and Predicting Surgeon Work Effort for Primary and Revision Total Knee Arthroplasty
Bunn, KJ, Isaacson, MJ, Ismaily, SK, Noble, PC & Incavo, SJ 2016, Journal of Arthroplasty. DOI: 10.1016/j.arth.2016.05.003

What's New in Hip Replacement
Ninomiya, JT, Dean, JC & Incavo, SJ 2015, The Journal of bone and joint surgery. American volume, vol. 97, no. 18, pp. 1543-1551. DOI: 10.2106/JBJS.O.00526

Trochanteric impingement: Is it a source of pain after THR?
Isaacson, MJ, Bunn, KJ & Incavo, SJ 2015, Arthroplasty Today, vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 73-75. DOI: 10.1016/j.artd.2015.05.004