Stephen J. Incavo, MD

Professor of Clinical Orthopedic Surgery, Academic Institute
Houston Methodist
Weill Cornell Medical College


Stephen J. Incavo, MD is an Orthopaedic Surgeon and Section Chief of Adult Reconstructive Surgery at Houston Methodist Orthopedics & Sports Medicine. He specializes in joint reconstruction and total joint replacement of the hip and knee, as well as partial knee replacement. He utilizes the latest technology and minimally invasive techniques to treat arthritis of the hip and knee. He provides both consult on failed joint replacement procedures and performs revision surgery to repair failed joint replacements. Committed to excellence, he strives to achieve optimal, long term results in the treatment of both immediate and chronic problems. He integrates prevention into all of his treatment plans to reduce risk of future problems.

Dr. Incavo has been listed in the “Guide to America’s Top Surgeons” and featured among H Texas Top Doctors. He is dedicated to research to improve hip and knee replacement outcomes, internationally publishing scientific articles and book chapters on treatment outcomes. He is one of only a few surgeons worldwide to be a member of both The Hip Society and The Knee Society and is regularly invited to present his work at industry conferences and annual meetings.

Teaching residents and fellows his hip and knee replacement techniques for over 20 years, Dr. Incavo frequently serves as an invited lecturer for other orthopedic departments and institutions. He has worked closely with the orthopedic medical device industry to improve treatment and patient outcome and holds multiple patents. He also serves as a primary referral source for complex reconstructive hip and knee problems and serves on the editorial board for several scientific publications.

Description of Research

Dr. Incavo’s research projects focus on primary and revision total hip replacement and total knee replacement procedures.  He and his research team examine the causes of failed joint replacement procedures, as well as the long term viability of prosthetic devices, corrosion and wear of implants and components, adverse local tissue reaction in total hip replacement, range of motion after dual mobility total hip arthroplasty (effect of femoral head size and surgical approach), length of hospital stay causes and impact, accelerated physical therapy rehabilitation following elective primary hip and knee arthroplasty, and imaging and diagnostics.

Education & Training

Clinical Fellowship, University of Vermont College of Medicine
Residency, Fletcher Allen Health Care/Medical Ctr Hosp of VT
MD, State University of New York, Upstate Medical University

Postoperative alignment in revision total knee arthroplasty, a comparison between intra and extra-medullary tibial alignment
Chapleau, J, Sullivan, T, Lambert, B, Clyburn, TA & Incavo, SJ 2021, , Knee, vol. 28, pp. 319-325.

The continuum of hip range of motion: From soft-tissue restriction to bony impingement
Han, S, Owens, VL, Patel, RV, Ismaily, SK, Harrington, MA, Incavo, SJ & Noble, PC 2020, , Journal of Orthopaedic Research, vol. 38, no. 8, pp. 1779-1786.

Clinical outcome evaluation of intraosseous vancomycin in total knee arthroplasty
Harper, KD, Lambert, BS, ODowd, J, Sullivan, T & Incavo, SJ 2020, , Arthroplasty Today, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 220-223.

Preoperative Warming Reduces Intraoperative Hypothermia in Total Joint Arthroplasty Patients
Kay, AB, Klavas, DM, Hirase, T, Cotton, MO, Lambert, BS & Incavo, SJ 2020, , The Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, vol. 28, no. 6, pp. e255-e262.

Letter to the Editor on “Do Antibiotic Intramedullary Dowels Assist in Eradicating Infection in Two-Stage Resection for Septic Total Knee Arthroplasty?”
Chapleau, J, Park, KJ & Incavo, SJ 2020, , Journal of Arthroplasty, vol. 35, no. 3.

Short-Stem Prostheses in Total Hip Arthroplasty: An Unexpected Short-Term Complication: A Report of 2 Cases
Harper, KD, Incavo, SJ & Clyburn, TA 2020, , JBJS case connector, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. e0159.

Short-term outcomes with the REDAPT monolithic, tapered, fluted, grit-blasted, forged titanium revision femoral stem
Gabor, JA, Padilla, JA, Feng, JE, Schnaser, E, Lutes, WB, Park, KJ, Incavo, S, Vigdorchik, J & Schwarzkopf, R 2020, , Bone and Joint Journal, vol. 102 B, no. 2, pp. 191-197.

Perceptions of Polymethyl Methacrylate Cement Exposure among Female Orthopaedic Surgeons
Harper, KD, Bratescu, R, Dong, D, Incavo, SJ & Liberman, SR 2020, , Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Global Research and Reviews, vol. 4, no. 3, e19.00117.

Open Hip Abductor Tendon Repair into a Bone Trough: Improved Outcomes for Hip Abductor Tendon Avulsion
Incavo, SJ & Harper, KD 2020, , JBJS Essential Surgical Techniques, vol. 10, no. 2, e0042.

Impact of Valgus vs Varus Mechanical Axis Correction During Primary Total Knee Arthroplasty on Postoperative Periarticular Bone Mineral Density
Chapleau, J, Lambert, BS, Sullivan, TC, Clyburn, TA & Incavo, SJ 2020, , Journal of Arthroplasty.

The Usefulness of Meta-Analyses to Hip and Knee Surgeons
Park, KJ, Lambert, BS, Brown, LD, Le, DT, Chaliki, K, Lee, J, Rossano, A, Benjamin, K, Moreno, MR & Incavo, SJ 2019, , Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery - American Volume, vol. 101, no. 23, pp. 2082-2090.

Drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms syndrome after total knee arthroplasty infection and placement of antibiotic spacer
Harper, KD & Incavo, SJ 2019, , Arthroplasty Today, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 148-151.

Total Knee Arthroplasty in the Osteoporotic Tibia: A Biomechanical Evaluation of the Role of Stem Extensions and Cementing Techniques
Walsh, CP, Han, S, Canham, CD, Gonzalez, JL, Noble, P & Incavo, SJ 2019, , The Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, vol. 27, no. 10, pp. 370-374.

Arthrodesis for the failed total knee arthroplasty
Pulido, L & Incavo, SJ 2018, . in Master Techniques in Orthopedic Surgery: Knee Arthroplasty. Wolters Kluwer Health Adis (ESP), pp. 482-287.

Response to Letter to the Editor on “Hypothermia in Total Joint Arthroplasty: A Wake-Up Call”
Simpson, JB & Incavo, SJ 2018, , Journal of Arthroplasty, vol. 33, no. 9, pp. 3057-3058.

Does Total Intravenous Anesthesia with Short-acting Spinal Anesthetics in PrimaryHipandKneeArthroplasty Facilitate Early Hospital Discharge?
Klavas, DM, Karim, A, Lambert, BS, Ferris, MS, Delgado, D & Incavo, SJ 2018, , The Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, vol. 26, no. 10, pp. e221-e229.

The Medial Stabilized Knee Guides Knee Motion
Canham, CD & Incavo, SJ 2018, , Techniques in Orthopaedics, vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 52-56.

Total knee arthroplasty in a patient with nail-patella syndrome (NPS)
Curbo, ME, Park, KJ, Brown, LD & Incavo, SJ 2019, , Knee, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 273-278.

Imaging of the hip and knee for primary and revision arthroplasty
Pulido, LF & Incavo, SJ 2018, . in Orthopaedic Knowledge Update: Hip and Knee Reconstruction 5. Wolters Kluwer Health, pp. 3-14.

Accuracy assessment of a novel image-free handheld robot for Total Knee Arthroplasty in a cadaveric study
Casper, M, Mitra, R, Khare, R, Jaramaz, B, Hamlin, B, McGinley, B, Mayman, D, Headrick, J, Urish, K, Gittins, M, Incavo, S & Neginhal, V 2018, , Computer Assisted Surgery, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 14-20.