Philip J. Horner

Philip J. Horner, PhD

Professor of Neuroregeneration, Academic Institute
Full Member, Research Institute
Scientific Director, Center for Neuroregeneration
Houston Methodist
Weill Cornell Medical College


Horner Lab - Neuroplasticity & Repair


pjhorner@houstonmethodist.org
Biography

Philip J. Horner, Ph.D., received a Ph.D. in physiology from Ohio State University in 1995. He did post-doctoral training with Dr. Fred H. Gage and became a staff scientist in the Lab of Genetics at the Salk Institute in 1998. In 2001, Dr. Horner joined the faculty of the Department of Neurological Surgery at the University of Washington in Seattle. He directed a laboratory at the UW South Lake Union Campus and was a member of the Institute for Stem Cell and Regenerative Medicine. In 2015, Dr. Horner became the Scientific Director of the Center for Neuroregenerative Medicine and the Co-Director, Center for Regenerative and Restorative Neurosurgery at the Houston Methodist Research Institute in Houston Texas. Dr. Horner’s research focuses on the role of glial and neural progenitor cells in the regeneration of the injured and aging nervous system.

Description of Research

The Horner lab is focused on the interaction between glial and neural cells following central nervous system challenge and specifically: 1) mechanisms of adult stem cell-derived lesion remodeling/repair and 2) role of gliogenesis and gliosis in neural degeneration. Over the past decades, researchers have observed that the human brain and spinal cord retain a population of stem cells with the capacity to replace neurons and glia. However, during normal aging and following trauma or disease, the brain and spinal cord stem cells fail to replace needed circuitry. The Horner lab has been developing approaches to modify and amplify the fate of neural stem cells to increase cellular repair after spinal cord and brain injury. Together with electrical stimulation, the lab has shown that regeneration of neural circuitry offers hope for repair nervous system. Together with clinical research partners at Houston Methodist and our global partners, the Horner lab seeks to move from bench to bedside by engineering new neural circuits in people with chronic paralysis in order to restore hand function.  Neural regeneration strategies are also being applied to stroke, head injury, glaucoma and motor/cognitive decline associated with aging. 

Areas Of Expertise

Stroke Neural stem cells Myelin Optogenetics Neural trauma Regeneration Spinal cord Multiple sclerosis
Education & Training

MS, The Ohio State University
PhD, The Ohio State University
Postdoctoral Fellowship, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies
BS, University of Nevada, Reno
Publications

SARS-CoV-2 and the central nervous system: Emerging insights into hemorrhage-associated neurological consequences and therapeutic considerations
Mitra, J, Kodavati, M, Provasek, VE, Rao, KS, Mitra, S, Hamilton, DJ, Horner, PJ, Vahidy, FS, Britz, GW, Kent, TA & Hegde, ML 2022, , Ageing Research Reviews, vol. 80, 101687. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arr.2022.101687

Effects of transcutaneous spinal stimulation on spatiotemporal cortical activation patterns: A proof-of-concept EEG study
Steele, AG, Manson, GA, Horner, PJ, Sayenko, DG & Contreras-Vidal, JL 2022, , Journal of neural engineering, vol. 19, no. 4, 046001. https://doi.org/10.1088/1741-2552/ac7b4b

Assessing Gq-GPCR–induced human astrocyte reactivity using bioengineered neural organoids
Cvetkovic, C, Patel, R, Shetty, A, Hogan, MK, Anderson, M, Basu, N, Aghlara-Fotovat, S, Ramesh, S, Sardar, D, Veiseh, O, Ward, ME, Deneen, B, Horner, PJ & Krencik, R 2022, , Journal of Cell Biology, vol. 221, no. 4, e202107135. https://doi.org/10.1083/jcb.202107135

Fully Characterized Mature Human iPS- and NMP-Derived Motor Neurons Thrive Without Neuroprotection in the Spinal Contusion Cavity
Olmsted, ZT, Stigliano, C, Marzullo, B, Cibelli, J, Horner, PJ & Paluh, JL 2022, , Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience, vol. 15, 725195. https://doi.org/10.3389/fncel.2021.725195

Stereotaxic Atlas of the Human Lumbar-Sacral Spinal Cord
Grossman, RG, Tang, X & Horner, PJ 2022, , World neurosurgery. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2022.07.017

Transcriptome of rat subcortical white matter and spinal cord after spinal injury and cortical stimulation
Kondiles, BR, Wei, H, Chaboub, LS, Horner, PJ, Wu, JQ & Perlmutter, SI 2021, , Scientific Data, vol. 8, no. 1, 175. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-021-00953-4

A wireless spinal stimulation system for ventral activation of the rat cervical spinal cord
Hogan, MK, Barber, SM, Rao, Z, Kondiles, BR, Huang, M, Steele, WJ, Yu, C & Horner, PJ 2021, , Scientific Reports, vol. 11, no. 1, 14900. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-94047-1

A contemporary review of therapeutic and regenerative management of intracerebral hemorrhage
Sadaf, H, Desai, VR, Misra, V, Golanov, E, Hegde, ML, Villapol, S, Karmonik, C, Regnier-Golanov, A, Sayenko, D, Horner, PJ, Krencik, R, Weng, YL, Vahidy, FS & Britz, GW 2021, , Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology. https://doi.org/10.1002/acn3.51443

Transplantable human motor networks as a neuron-directed strategy for spinal cord injury
Olmsted, ZT, Stigliano, C, Scimemi, A, Wolfe, T, Cibelli, J, Horner, PJ & Paluh, JL 2021, , iScience, vol. 24, no. 8, 102827. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.isci.2021.102827

Transcutaneous spinal cord stimulation improves postural stability in individuals with multiple sclerosis
Roberts, BWR, Atkinson, DA, Manson, GA, Markley, R, Kaldis, T, Britz, GW, Horner, PJ, Vette, AH & Sayenko, DG 2021, , Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders, vol. 52, 103009. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.msard.2021.103009

A micro-LED implant and technique for optogenetic stimulation of the rat spinal cord
Mondello, SE, Pedigo, BD, Sunshine, MD, Fischedick, AE, Horner, PJ & Moritz, CT 2021, , Experimental Neurology, vol. 335, 113480. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.expneurol.2020.113480

A contemporary review of therapeutic and regenerative management of intracerebral hemorrhage
Sadaf, H, Desai, VR, Misra, V, Golanov, E, Hegde, ML, Villapol, S, Karmonik, C, Regnier-Golanov, A, Sayenko, D, Horner, PJ, Krencik, R, Weng, YL, Vahidy, FS & Britz, GW 2021, , Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology, vol. 8, no. 11, pp. 2211-2221. https://doi.org/10.1002/acn3.51443, https://doi.org/10.1002/acn3.51443, https://doi.org/doi: 10.1002/acn3.51443

Neuromesodermal progenitors advance network formation of spinal neurons and support cells in neural ribbons in vitro and unprotected survival in a rat subacute contusion model
Olmsted, ZT, Stigliano, C, Scimemi, A, Marzullo, B, Wolfe, T, Cibelli, J, Horner, PJ & Paluh, JL 2020, , Unknown Journal. https://doi.org/10.1101/2020.11.10.374876

Neural Stimulation and Molecular Mechanisms of Plasticity and Regeneration: A Review
Hogan, MK, Hamilton, GF & Horner, PJ 2020, , Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience, vol. 14, 271. https://doi.org/10.3389/fncel.2020.00271

Complications of epidural spinal stimulation: lessons from the past and alternatives for the future
Taccola, G, Barber, S, Horner, PJ, Bazo, HAC & Sayenko, D 2020, , Spinal Cord, vol. 58, no. 10, pp. 1049-1059. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41393-020-0505-8

Fabrication of homotypic neural ribbons as a multiplex platform optimized for spinal cord delivery
Olmsted, ZT, Stigliano, C, Badri, A, Zhang, F, Williams, A, Koffas, MAG, Xie, Y, Linhardt, RJ, Cibelli, J, Horner, PJ & Paluh, JL 2020, , Scientific Reports, vol. 10, no. 1, 12939. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-69274-7

Selective Antagonism of A1 Adenosinergic Receptors Strengthens the Neuromodulation of the Sensorimotor Network During Epidural Spinal Stimulation
Taccola, G, Salazar, B, Apicella, R, Hogan, MK, Horner, PJ & Sayenko, D 2020, , Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience, vol. 14, 44. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnsys.2020.00044

Engineering the ABIO-BIO interface of neurostimulation electrodes using polypyrrole and bioactive hydrogels
Bhat, A, Graham, AR, Trivedi, H, Hogan, MK, Horner, PJ & Guiseppi-Elie, A 2020, , Pure and Applied Chemistry, vol. 92, no. 6, pp. 897-907. https://doi.org/10.1515/pac-2019-1107

Formulation of thrombin-inhibiting hydrogels: Via self-assembly of ionic peptides with peptide-modified polymers
Lee, J, Zhao, T, Peeler, DJ, Lee, DC, Pichon, TJ, Li, D, Weigandt, KM, Horner, PJ, Pozzo, LD, Sellers, DL & Pun, SH 2020, , Soft Matter, vol. 16, no. 15, pp. 3762-3768. https://doi.org/10.1039/d0sm00209g

Polyplex transfection from intracerebroventricular delivery is not significantly affected by traumatic brain injury
Peeler, DJ, Luera, N, Horner, PJ, Pun, SH & Sellers, DL 2020, , Journal of Controlled Release, vol. 322, pp. 149-156. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jconrel.2020.03.025