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Fazle Hussain, PhD

Full Affiliate Member, Research Institute
Houston Methodist


Biography

Dr. Fazle Hussain is the Cullen Distinguished Professor and director of the Institute of Fluid Dynamics and Turbulence, in the mechanical engineering department at The University of Houston. Dr. Hussain is a world-renowned scientist in fluid dynamics with over 200 papers in prestigious journals. He has been a visiting scholar at Cambridge six times, the Indian Institute of Science at Bangalore, the Institute of Mechanics at Beijing, the Kavli Institute of Theoretical Physics at UCSB, and is the lifetime Moore Distinguished Scholar at Caltech and an honorary professor at Peking University.

Dr. Hussain currently serves on the board of The Academy of Medicine, Engineering and Science of Texas, as the mechanical engineering chair of the National Academy of Engineering, and as chair of the Academy of Science of the Developing World. He is a Fellow of APS, the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, and the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics.

Dr. Hussain has received awards including the Freeman Scholar Award of ASME in 1984, the Fluid Dynamics Prize of APS in 1998, the Fluids Engineering Award of ASME in 2000, and the Fluid Dynamics Award of AIAA in 2002 for his groundbreaking work in fluid dynamics. Dr. Hussain is a member of the National Academy of Engineering.

At Houston Methodist Research Institute, Dr. Hussain serves as the Dean of Engineering of the Council of Deans. In this capacity, he provides leadership, guidance and counsel for research and education.

Description of Research

The primary theme of Dr. Hussain’s research is the search for order in the disorder of turbulence. That is, underlying the complicated, seemingly random motion of turbulence, there is an organization. Dr. Hussain was one of the pioneers in recognizing that such organized motion is the key to understanding turbulence, and to controlling turbulent flows for technological benefit. For example, to design better engines and turbines, reduce drag and hence saving fuel in aircraft, and reduce the noise from jet engines. For applications like these and more, he has pursued experimental, numerical and theoretical studies of the basic mechanisms of turbulence.

Areas Of Expertise

Fluid mechanics Turbulent flows Vortex dynamics Jets and boundary layers Aeroacoustics Optical measurement techniques Fluidized beds Bio-fluid dynamics
Education & Training

MSc, Stanford University
PhD, Stanford University
Publications

Shear Stress Increases V–H + -ATPase and Acidic Vesicle Number Density, and p-mTORC2 Activation in Prostate Cancer Cells
Khan, ZS & Hussain, F 2020, , Cellular and Molecular Bioengineering, vol. 13, no. 6, pp. 591-604. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12195-020-00632-1

Turbulence statistics and coherent structures in compressible channel flow
Yao, J & Hussain, F 2020, , Physical Review Fluids, vol. 5, no. 8, 084603. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevFluids.5.084603

Higher Glucose Enhances Breast Cancer Cell Aggressiveness
Santos, JM & Hussain, F 2020, Nutrition and Cancer, vol. 72, no. 5, pp. 734-746. https://doi.org/10.1080/01635581.2019.1654527

Aeroacoustic noise generation due to vortex reconnection
Daryan, H, Hussain, F & Hickey, JP 2020, , Physical Review Fluids, vol. 5, no. 6, 062702. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevFluids.5.062702

On singularity formation via viscous vortexA reconnection
Yao, J & Hussain, F 2020, Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 888, R2. https://doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2020.58

Separation scaling for viscous vortex reconnection
Yao, J & Hussain, F 2020, , Journal of Fluid Mechanics. https://doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2020.558

VD3 and LXR agonist (T0901317) combination demonstrated greater potency in inhibiting cholesterol accumulation and inducing apoptosis via ABCA1-CHOP-BCL-2 cascade in MCF-7 breast cancer cells
Munir, MT, Ponce, C, Santos, JM, Sufian, HB, Al-Harrasi, A, Gollahon, LS, Hussain, F & Rahman, SM 2020, , Molecular Biology Reports, vol. 47, no. 10, pp. 7771-7782. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11033-020-05854-0

Dynamics of a spatially developing liquid jet with slower coaxial gas flow
Zandian, A, Sirignano, WA & Hussain, F 2020, , Paper presented at 14th International Conference on Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems, ICLASS 2018, Chicago, United States, 7/22/18 - 7/26/18.

Phase aligned ensemble averaging for environmental flow studies
Zhong, Q, Hussain, F & Fernando, HJS 2020, , Environmental Fluid Mechanics, vol. 20, no. 5, pp. 1357-1377. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10652-020-09771-5

A predictive model for COVID-19 spread – with application to eight US states and how to end the pandemic
Khan, ZS, van Bussel, F & Hussain, F 2020, , Epidemiology and Infection, vol. 148, pp. e249. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0950268820002423

Supersonic turbulent boundary layer drag control using spanwise wall oscillation
Yao, J & Hussain, F 2019, , Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 880, pp. 388-429. https://doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2019.727

Vorticity dynamics in a spatially developing liquid jet inside a co-flowing gas
Zandian, A, Sirignano, WA & Hussain, F 2019, , Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 877, pp. 429-470. https://doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2019.596

VD3 mitigates breast cancer aggressiveness by targeting V-H+-ATPase
Santos, JM & Hussain, F 2019, , Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry, vol. 70, pp. 185-193. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnutbio.2019.05.005

Reynolds number effect on drag control via spanwise wall oscillation in turbulent channel flows
Yao, J, Chen, X & Hussain, F 2019, , Physics of Fluids, vol. 31, no. 8, 085108. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5111651

Non-universal scaling transition of momentum cascade in wall turbulence
Chen, X, Hussain, F & She, ZS 2019, , Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 871, R2. https://doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2019.309

Enhanced blebbing as a marker for metastatic prostate cancer
Khan, ZS, Santos, JM, Vaz, NG & Hussain, F 2019, , Biomicrofluidics, vol. 13, no. 3, 034110. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5085346

Length-scale cascade and spread rate of atomizing planar liquid jets
Zandian, A, Sirignano, WA & Hussain, F 2019, , International Journal of Multiphase Flow, vol. 113, pp. 117-141. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijmultiphaseflow.2019.01.004

Dynamics of fracturing saturated porous media and self-organization of rupture
Peruzzo, C, Cao, DT, Milanese, E, Favia, P, Pesavento, F, Hussain, F & Schrefler, BA 2019, , European Journal of Mechanics, A/Solids, vol. 74, pp. 471-484. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.euromechsol.2018.12.004

Influence of upstream perturbations on wall heat transfer via large-scale motions
Pulletikurthi, V, Dharmarathne, S, Hussain, F & Castillo, L 2019, . in R Örlü, A Talamelli, J Peinke & M Oberlack (eds), Progress in Turbulence VIII - Proceedings of the iTi Conference in Turbulence 2018. vol. 226, Springer Science and Business Media, LLC, pp. 99-104, 8th iTi Conference on Turbulence, 2018, Bertinoro, Italy, 9/3/18. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-22196-6_16

Simulations of compressible channel flow with pulsed-dc plasma actuation for drag reduction
Nelson, CC, Cain, AB & Hussain, F 2019, . in AIAA Scitech 2019 Forum. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc, AIAA, AIAA Scitech Forum, 2019, San Diego, United States, 1/7/19. https://doi.org/10.2514/6.2019-0308