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Fazle Hussain, PhD

Full Affiliate Member, Research Institute
Houston Methodist


Biography

Dr. Fazle Hussain is the Cullen Distinguished Professor and director of the Institute of Fluid Dynamics and Turbulence, in the mechanical engineering department at The University of Houston. Dr. Hussain is a world-renowned scientist in fluid dynamics with over 200 papers in prestigious journals. He has been a visiting scholar at Cambridge six times, the Indian Institute of Science at Bangalore, the Institute of Mechanics at Beijing, the Kavli Institute of Theoretical Physics at UCSB, and is the lifetime Moore Distinguished Scholar at Caltech and an honorary professor at Peking University.

Dr. Hussain currently serves on the board of The Academy of Medicine, Engineering and Science of Texas, as the mechanical engineering chair of the National Academy of Engineering, and as chair of the Academy of Science of the Developing World. He is a Fellow of APS, the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, and the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics.

Dr. Hussain has received awards including the Freeman Scholar Award of ASME in 1984, the Fluid Dynamics Prize of APS in 1998, the Fluids Engineering Award of ASME in 2000, and the Fluid Dynamics Award of AIAA in 2002 for his groundbreaking work in fluid dynamics. Dr. Hussain is a member of the National Academy of Engineering.

At Houston Methodist Research Institute, Dr. Hussain serves as the Dean of Engineering of the Council of Deans. In this capacity, he provides leadership, guidance and counsel for research and education.

Description of Research

The primary theme of Dr. Hussain’s research is the search for order in the disorder of turbulence. That is, underlying the complicated, seemingly random motion of turbulence, there is an organization. Dr. Hussain was one of the pioneers in recognizing that such organized motion is the key to understanding turbulence, and to controlling turbulent flows for technological benefit. For example, to design better engines and turbines, reduce drag and hence saving fuel in aircraft, and reduce the noise from jet engines. For applications like these and more, he has pursued experimental, numerical and theoretical studies of the basic mechanisms of turbulence.

Areas Of Expertise

Fluid mechanics Turbulent flows Vortex dynamics Jets and boundary layers Aeroacoustics Optical measurement techniques Fluidized beds Bio-fluid dynamics
Education & Training

MSc, Stanford University
PhD, Stanford University
Publications

Supersonic turbulent boundary layer drag control using spanwise wall oscillation
Yao, J & Hussain, F 2019, Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 880, pp. 388-429. https://doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2019.727

Vorticity dynamics in a spatially developing liquid jet inside a co-flowing gas
Zandian, A, Sirignano, WA & Hussain, F 2019, Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 877, pp. 429-470. https://doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2019.596

VD3 mitigates breast cancer aggressiveness by targeting V-H+-ATPase
Santos, JM & Hussain, F 2019, Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry, vol. 70, pp. 185-193. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnutbio.2019.05.005

Reynolds number effect on drag control via spanwise wall oscillation in turbulent channel flows
Yao, J, Chen, X & Hussain, F 2019, Physics of Fluids, vol. 31, no. 8, 085108. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5111651

Enhanced blebbing as a marker for metastatic prostate cancer
Khan, ZS, Santos, JM, Vaz, NG & Hussain, F 2019, Biomicrofluidics, vol. 13, no. 3, 034110. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5085346

Length-scale cascade and spread rate of atomizing planar liquid jets
Zandian, A, Sirignano, WA & Hussain, F 2019, International Journal of Multiphase Flow, vol. 113, pp. 117-141. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijmultiphaseflow.2019.01.004

Dynamics of fracturing saturated porous media and self-organization of rupture
Peruzzo, C, Cao, DT, Milanese, E, Favia, P, Pesavento, F, Hussain, F & Schrefler, BA 2019, European Journal of Mechanics, A/Solids, vol. 74, pp. 471-484. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.euromechsol.2018.12.004

Non-universal scaling transition of momentum cascade in wall turbulence
Chen, X, Hussain, F & She, ZS 2019, Journal of Fluid Mechanics, pp. 871R21-871R212. https://doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2019.309

Higher Glucose Enhances Breast Cancer Cell Aggressiveness
Santos, JM & Hussain, F 2019, Nutrition and Cancer. https://doi.org/10.1080/01635581.2019.1654527

Influence of upstream perturbations on wall heat transfer via large-scale motions
Pulletikurthi, V, Dharmarathne, S, Hussain, F & Castillo, L 2019, . in R Örlü, A Talamelli, J Peinke & M Oberlack (eds), Progress in Turbulence VIII - Proceedings of the iTi Conference in Turbulence 2018. vol. 226, Springer Science and Business Media, LLC, pp. 99-104, 8th iTi Conference on Turbulence, 2018, Bertinoro, Italy, 9/3/18. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-22196-6_16

Simulations of compressible channel flow with pulsed-dc plasma actuation for drag reduction
Nelson, CC, Cain, AB & Hussain, F 2019, . in AIAA Scitech 2019 Forum. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc, AIAA, AIAA Scitech Forum, 2019, San Diego, United States, 1/7/19. https://doi.org/10.2514/6.2019-0308

Turbulent boundary layer drag reduction using pulsed-DC plasma actuation
Duong, A, Midya, S, Corke, TC, Hussain, F & Thomas, FO 2019, Paper presented at 11th International Symposium on Turbulence and Shear Flow Phenomena, TSFP 2019, Southampton, United Kingdom, 7/30/19 - 8/2/19, .

Aeroacoustic noise generation in compressible vortex reconnection
Daryan, HMM, Hussain, F & Hickey, JP 2019, Paper presented at 11th International Symposium on Turbulence and Shear Flow Phenomena, TSFP 2019, Southampton, United Kingdom, 7/30/19 - 8/2/19, .

Role of Bioroughness, Bioirrigation, and Turbulence on Oxygen Dynamics at the Sediment-Water Interface
Liu, Y, Reible, D, Hussain, F & Fang, H 2019, Water Resources Research. https://doi.org/10.1029/2019WR025098

Prediction of compressible turbulent boundary layer via a symmetry-based length model
She, ZS, Zou, HY, Xiao, MJ, Chen, X & Hussain, F 2018, Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 857, pp. 449-468. https://doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2018.710

Drag control in wall-bounded turbulent flows via spanwise opposed wall-jet forcing
Yao, J, Chen, X & Hussain, F 2018, JOURNAL OF FLUID MECHANICS, vol. 852, pp. 678-709. https://doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2018.553

Quantification of turbulent mixing in colliding gravity currents
Zhong, Q, Hussain, F & Fernando, HJS 2018, JOURNAL OF FLUID MECHANICS, vol. 851, pp. 125-147. https://doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2018.488

Toward vortex identification based on local pressure-minimum criterion in compressible and variable density flows
Yao, J & Hussain, F 2018, JOURNAL OF FLUID MECHANICS, vol. 850, pp. 5-17. https://doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2018.465

Quantifying wall turbulence via a symmetry approach. Part 2. Reynolds stresses
Chen, X, Hussain, F & She, ZS 2018, JOURNAL OF FLUID MECHANICS, pp. 401-438. https://doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2018.405

Understanding liquid-jet atomization cascades via vortex dynamics
Zandian, A, Sirignano, WA & Hussain, F 2018, JOURNAL OF FLUID MECHANICS, vol. 843, pp. 293-354. https://doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2018.113

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