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Fazle Hussain, PhD

Full Affiliate Member, Research Institute
Houston Methodist


Biography

Dr. Fazle Hussain is the Cullen Distinguished Professor and director of the Institute of Fluid Dynamics and Turbulence, in the mechanical engineering department at The University of Houston. Dr. Hussain is a world-renowned scientist in fluid dynamics with over 200 papers in prestigious journals. He has been a visiting scholar at Cambridge six times, the Indian Institute of Science at Bangalore, the Institute of Mechanics at Beijing, the Kavli Institute of Theoretical Physics at UCSB, and is the lifetime Moore Distinguished Scholar at Caltech and an honorary professor at Peking University.

Dr. Hussain currently serves on the board of The Academy of Medicine, Engineering and Science of Texas, as the mechanical engineering chair of the National Academy of Engineering, and as chair of the Academy of Science of the Developing World. He is a Fellow of APS, the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, and the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics.

Dr. Hussain has received awards including the Freeman Scholar Award of ASME in 1984, the Fluid Dynamics Prize of APS in 1998, the Fluids Engineering Award of ASME in 2000, and the Fluid Dynamics Award of AIAA in 2002 for his groundbreaking work in fluid dynamics. Dr. Hussain is a member of the National Academy of Engineering.

At Houston Methodist Research Institute, Dr. Hussain serves as the Dean of Engineering of the Council of Deans. In this capacity, he provides leadership, guidance and counsel for research and education.

Description of Research

The primary theme of Dr. Hussain’s research is the search for order in the disorder of turbulence. That is, underlying the complicated, seemingly random motion of turbulence, there is an organization. Dr. Hussain was one of the pioneers in recognizing that such organized motion is the key to understanding turbulence, and to controlling turbulent flows for technological benefit. For example, to design better engines and turbines, reduce drag and hence saving fuel in aircraft, and reduce the noise from jet engines. For applications like these and more, he has pursued experimental, numerical and theoretical studies of the basic mechanisms of turbulence.

Areas Of Expertise

Fluid mechanics Turbulent flows Vortex dynamics Jets and boundary layers Aeroacoustics Optical measurement techniques Fluidized beds Bio-fluid dynamics
Education & Training

MSc, Stanford University
PhD, Stanford University
Publications

Drag control in wall-bounded turbulent flows via spanwise opposed wall-jet forcing
Yao, J, Chen, X & Hussain, F 2018, JOURNAL OF FLUID MECHANICS, vol. 852, pp. 678-709. DOI: 10.1017/jfm.2018.553

Quantification of turbulent mixing in colliding gravity currents
Zhong, Q, Hussain, F & Fernando, HJS 2018, JOURNAL OF FLUID MECHANICS, vol. 851, pp. 125-147. DOI: 10.1017/jfm.2018.488

Toward vortex identification based on local pressure-minimum criterion in compressible and variable density flows
Yao, J & Hussain, F 2018, JOURNAL OF FLUID MECHANICS, vol. 850, pp. 5-17. DOI: 10.1017/jfm.2018.465

Quantifying wall turbulence via a symmetry approach. Part 2. Reynolds stresses
Chen, X, Hussain, F & She, ZS 2018, JOURNAL OF FLUID MECHANICS, pp. 401-438. DOI: 10.1017/jfm.2018.405

Understanding liquid-jet atomization cascades via vortex dynamics
Zandian, A, Sirignano, WA & Hussain, F 2018, JOURNAL OF FLUID MECHANICS, vol. 843, pp. 293-354. DOI: 10.1017/jfm.2018.113

Vitamin D3 decreases glycolysis and invasiveness, and increases cellular stiffness in breast cancer cells
Santos, JM, Khan, ZS, Munir, MT, Tarafdar, K, Rahman, SM & Hussain, F 2018, Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry, vol. 53, pp. 111-120. DOI: 10.1016/j.jnutbio.2017.10.013

Porous media fracturing dynamics: stepwise crack advancement and fluid pressure oscillations
Cao, TD, Hussain, F & Schrefler, BA 2018, Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, vol. 111, pp. 113-133. DOI: 10.1016/j.jmps.2017.10.014

Aggressive prostate cancer cell nuclei have reduced stiffness
Khan, ZS, Santos, JM & Hussain, F 2018, Biomicrofluidics, vol. 12, no. 1, 014102. DOI: 10.1063/1.5019728

Optimal transient growth on a vortex ring and its transition via cascade of ringlets
Mao, X & Hussain, F 2017, JOURNAL OF FLUID MECHANICS, vol. 832, pp. 269-286. DOI: 10.1017/jfm.2017.675

Quantifying wall turbulence via a symmetry approach: A Lie group theory
She, ZS, Chen, X & Hussain, F 2017, JOURNAL OF FLUID MECHANICS, vol. 827, pp. 322-356. DOI: 10.1017/jfm.2017.464

Numerical simulation of liquid round jet atomization
Jarrahbashi, D, Sirignano, WA, Popov, PP & Hussain, F 2017, Physical Review Fluids, vol. 2, no. 9, 090504. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevFluids.2.090504

Temperature-Invariant Scaling for Compressible Turbulent Boundary Layers with Wall Heat Transfer
Shadloo, MS, Hadjadj, A & Hussain, F 2017, Heat Transfer Engineering, pp. 1-10. DOI: 10.1080/01457632.2017.1357675

Planar liquid jet: Early deformation and atomization cascades
Zandian, A, Sirignano, WA & Hussain, F 2017, Physics of Fluids, vol. 29, no. 6, 062109. DOI: 10.1063/1.4986790

Large-scale control strategy for drag reduction in turbulent channel flows
Yao, J, Chen, X, Thomas, F & Hussain, F 2017, Physical Review Fluids, vol. 2, no. 6, 062601. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevFluids.2.062601

Gramicidin Peptides Alter Global Lipid Compositions and Bilayer Thicknesses of Coexisting Liquid-Ordered and Liquid-Disordered Membrane Domains
Hassan-Zadeh, E, Hussain, F & Huang, J 2017, Langmuir, vol. 33, no. 13, pp. 3324-3332. DOI: 10.1021/acs.langmuir.6b03688

Interaction between crack tip advancement and fluid flow in fracturing saturated porous media
Cao, TD, Milanese, E, Remij, EW, Rizzato, P, Remmers, JJC, Simoni, L, Huyghe, JM, Hussain, F & Schrefler, BA 2017, Mechanics Research Communications, vol 80, pp. 24-37. DOI: 10.1016/j.mechrescom.2016.09.011

Interaction between crack tip advancement and fluid flow in fracturing saturated porous media
Cao, TD, Milanese, E, Remij, EW, Rizzato, P, Remmers, JJC, Simoni, L, Huyghe, JM, Hussain, F & Schrefler, BA 2017, Mechanics Research Communications, vol. 80, pp. 24-37. DOI: 10.1016/j.mechrescom.2016.09.011

Similarity transformation for equilibrium boundary layers, including effects of blowing and suction
Chen, X & Hussain, F 2017, Physical Review Fluids, vol. 2, no. 3, 034605. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevFluids.2.034605

The logarithmic and power law behaviors of the accelerating, turbulent thermal boundary layer
Castillo, L & Hussain, F 2017, Physics of Fluids, vol. 29, no. 2, 020718. DOI: 10.1063/1.4974900

On the invariant mean velocity profile for compressible turbulent boundary layers
Wu, B, Bi, W, Hussain, F & She, ZS 2017, Journal of Turbulence, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 186-202. DOI: 10.1080/14685248.2016.1269911