David A. Axelrod

David A. Axelrod, MD, MBA, FACS

Adjunct Professor of Surgery, Academic Institute
Full Affiliate Member, Research Institute
Houston Methodist


Dr. Axelrod is currently Professor of Surgery and Director of the Kidney, Pancreas, and Living Donor transplant programs at University of Iowa.   Prior to joining Iowa, Dr. David Axelrod served as the Surgical Director of Kidney and Pancreas Transplantation and Section Chief of Solid Organ Transplantation at Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center from 2005-16.  In addition, he was a member of the clinical staff at Massachusetts General Hospital and on the faculty of Lahey Clinic in Burlington Massachusetts (2017-18).  His clinical interests include the surgical management of end-stage kidney and liver disease including treatment of hepatic malignancy and portal hypertension, surgical management of type I diabetes mellitus, and chronic pancreatitis.  In addition, he has expertise in minimally invasive hepatic surgery including liver resection and radio-frequency ablation. 

Description of Research

Dr. Axelrod's research interests include surgical outcomes analysis including economic evaluation, Markov modeling, and statistical process control techniques. Previous investigations have examined the economic impact of MELD on liver transplantation, quality outcome monitoring in organ transplantation, steroid free immunosuppression in kidney and pancreas transplants, and geographic disparities in access to organ transplant.  


Sociodemographic disparities in sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitor use among US kidney transplant recipients: An observational study of real-world pharmacy records
Lentine, KL, Miyata, KN, Lam, NN, Joseph, C, McAdams-DeMarco, M, Bae, S, Chen, Y, Caliskan, Y, Sarabu, N, Dhindsa, S, Xiao, H, Segev, DL, Axelrod, DA & Schnitzler, MA 2024, , Clinical Transplantation, vol. 38, no. 4, e15257, pp. e15257. https://doi.org/10.1111/ctr.15257

Differential Impact of the UNOS Simultaneous Liver-kidney Transplant Policy Change Among Patients With Sustained Acute Kidney Injury
Tanaka, T, Lentine, KL, Shi, Q, Vander Weg, M & Axelrod, DA 2024, , Transplantation, vol. 108, no. 3, pp. 724-731. https://doi.org/10.1097/TP.0000000000004774

Subsequent kidney transplant after pediatric heart transplant: Prevalence and risk factors
Barrett, LDG, Ryckman, KK, Goedken, AM, Steinbach, EJ, van der Plas, E, Beasley, G, Khan, RS, Exil, V, Axelrod, DA & Harshman, LA 2024, , American Journal of Transplantation. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajt.2024.02.027

Complexities and Outcomes of Pulmonary Hypertension in Kidney Transplant Patients: A Comprehensive Review
Lentine, KL, Levine, DJ, Runo, JR, Caliskan, Y, Costa, SP, Lam, NN, Axelrod, DA & Woodside, KJ 2024, , Turkish Journal of Nephrology, vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 8-26. https://doi.org/10.5152/turkjnephrol.2023.23626

Generating strategies for a national comeback in pancreas transplantation: A Delphi survey and US conference report
Workshop Participants 2024, , American Journal of Transplantation. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajt.2024.03.010

Letter to the Editor: Racial and ethnic disparities in liver transplantation preacuity and postacuity circles: A nuanced perspective using time-to-event regression models
Elkafrawy, A, Axelrod, DA & Tanaka, T 2023, , Liver Transplantation, vol. 29, no. 12, pp. E50-E51. https://doi.org/10.1097/LVT.0000000000000220

Risk-Adjusted Cumulative Sum for Early Detection of Hospitals With Excess Perioperative Mortality
Chen, VW, Chidi, AP, Dong, Y, Richardson, PA, Axelrod, DA, Petersen, LA & Massarweh, NN 2023, , JAMA Surgery, vol. 158, no. 11, pp. 1176-1183. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamasurg.2023.3673

Immune tolerance via FCR001 cell therapy compared with maintenance immunosuppression for kidney transplantation: Real-world evidence analysis of safety and efficacy
Krieger, N, Chodoff, L, Leventhal, JR, Ho, B, Richards, M, Schaumberg, DA, Laidlaw, D, Ildstad, ST & Axelrod, DA 2023, , Clinical Transplantation, vol. 37, no. 11, e15074. https://doi.org/10.1111/ctr.15074

The association of donor hepatitis C virus infection with 3-year kidney transplant outcomes in the era of direct-acting antiviral medications
Sutcliffe, S, Ji, M, Chang, SH, Stewart, D, Axelrod, DA, Lentine, KL, Wellen, J, Alrata, L, Gupta, G & Alhamad, T 2023, , American Journal of Transplantation, vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 629-635. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajt.2022.11.005

Biliary Complications after Liver Transplantation in the United States: Changing Trends and Economic Implications
Manay, P, Seth, A, Jackson, K, Lentine, KL, Schnitzler, MA, Xiao, H, Segev, DL & Axelrod, DA 2023, , Transplantation, vol. 107, no. 5, pp. E127-E138. https://doi.org/10.1097/TP.0000000000004528

Time to discard the term “discard”
Hart, A, Patzer, RE, Spear, J, Hirose, R, Tabatabai, A, Wood, NL, Schaffhausen, CR, Axelrod, DA, Israni, AK & Snyder, JJ 2023, , American Journal of Transplantation, vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 608-610. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajt.2023.01.018

Maximizing opportunities for kidney transplantation in older adults
Fleetwood, VA, Caliskan, Y, Rub, FAA, Axelrod, D & Lentine, KL 2023, , Current Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension, vol. 32, no. 2, pp. 204-211. https://doi.org/10.1097/MNH.0000000000000871

Treating comorbidity in solid organ transplant recipients as a confounder or a mediator of patient outcomes
Tanaka, T, Vander Weg, M, Jones, M & Axelrod, D 2023, , American Journal of Transplantation, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 156-157. https://doi.org/10.1111/ajt.17201

Variation in adult living donor liver transplantation in the United States: Identifying opportunities for increased utilization
Lentine, KL, Tanaka, T, Xiao, H, Bittermann, T, Dew, MA, Schnitzler, MA, Olthoff, KM, Locke, JE, Emre, S, Hunt, HF, Liapakis, AM & Axelrod, DA 2023, , Clinical Transplantation, vol. 37, no. 7, e14924, pp. e14924. https://doi.org/10.1111/ctr.14924

Factors enabling transplant program participation in the Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients (SRTR) Living Donor Collective: A national survey
Lentine, KL, Dew, MA, Xiao, H, Wisniewski, A, Levan, ML, Al Ammary, F, Sharfuddin, A, Axelrod, DA, Waterman, AD & Kasiske, B 2023, , Clinical Transplantation, vol. 37, no. 4, e14908, pp. e14908. https://doi.org/10.1111/ctr.14908

Stakeholders’ perspectives on transplant metrics: the 2022 Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients’ consensus conference
Snyder, JJ, Schaffhausen, CR, Hart, A, Axelrod, DA, Dils, D, Formica, RN, Gaber, AO, Hunt, HF, Jones, J, Mohan, S, Patzer, RE, Pinney, SP, Ratner, LE, Slaker, D, Stewart, D, Stewart, ZA, Van Slyck, S, Kasiske, BL, Hirose, R & Israni, AK 2023, , American Journal of Transplantation, vol. 23, no. 7, pp. 875-890. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajt.2023.03.012

Identifying and understanding variation in population-based access to liver transplantation in the United States
Ross-Driscoll, K, Gunasti, J, Ayuk-Arrey, AT, Adler, JT, Axelrod, D, McElroy, L, Patzer, RE & Lynch, R 2023, , American Journal of Transplantation, vol. 23, no. 9, pp. 1401-1410. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajt.2023.06.002

Determining Modifiable Predictors Associated with Donating a Kidney for Living Donor Candidates at Five Transplant Centers
Meinders, AM, Graviss, E, Nguyen, D, Daw, J, Lentine, KL, Axelrod, DA, Peipert, JD, Weng, F, Gaber, AO & Waterman, AD 2023, , Clinical journal of the American Society of Nephrology : CJASN.

Case Sampling vs Universal Review for Evaluating Hospital Postoperative Mortality in US Surgical Quality Improvement Programs
Chen, VW, Chidi, AP, Rosen, T, Dong, Y, Richardson, PA, Kramer, J, Axelrod, DA, Petersen, LA & Massarweh, NN 2023, , JAMA Surgery, vol. 158, no. 12, pp. 1312-1319. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamasurg.2023.4532

The need for integrated clinical and administrative data models for risk adjustment in assessment of the cost transplant care
Axelrod, DA, Schwantes, IR, Harris, AH, Hohmann, SF, Snyder, JJ, Balakrishnan, R, Lentine, KL, Kasiske, BL & Schnitzler, MA 2022, , Clinical Transplantation, vol. 36, no. 12, e14817. https://doi.org/10.1111/ctr.14817