Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19): What You Need to Know

COVID-19

The new coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak is a rapidly evolving situation, and we remain prepared to help keep the Houston area safe.

 

We want you to be prepared, too. Here are answers to questions you may have about COVID-19.

How Is COVID-19 Spread?

The new coronavirus spreads primarily from person-to-person through:

  • Close contact (within about six feet)
  • Respiratory droplets (produced by coughing or sneezing)

 

It may also spread by touching a surface contaminated with the virus and then touching your eyes, nose or mouth.

 

The new coronavirus is spreading easily between people — more efficiently than influenza, but less efficiently than measles — and evidence suggests that even people who are not showing symptoms may be able to spread the virus.

What Are the Symptoms of COVID-19?

The most common symptoms of COVID-19 are:

  • Fever
  • Dry cough
  • Shortness of breath

 

Less frequent symptoms of the illness include:

  • Headaches
  • Aches and pains
  • Runny nose
  • Sore throat
  • Fatigue
  • Diarrhea

 

It can take as little as two days or as long as 14 days for symptoms of COVID-19 to appear.

 

Given that we’re also currently experiencing flu season and high pollen counts, it’s important to remember that there are other common causes for the upper respiratory symptoms mentioned above.

 

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What Should I Do If I Think I Have COVID-19?

If you’ve possibly been exposed to the virus and are experiencing symptoms, we recommend that your first contact with a health care provider be through telemedicine. Houston Methodist Virtual Urgent Care is available 24/7, with no appointment necessary.

 

If you have a suspected case, we advise you to contact your local county health department for additional guidance and recommended next steps.

 

If you’re experiencing severe symptoms, we recommend going to your nearest emergency room. To the extent possible, please call ahead to inform the emergency room staff that you're concerned you may have COVID-19.

 

Serious symptoms of COVID-19 include:

  • Severe shortness of breath
  • Low blood pressure
  • Elevated heart rate (above 100 bpm)
  • Dehydration
  • Profound weakness
  • High fever

 

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Virtual Urgent Care for COVID-19

 

Am I at Risk for Developing COVID-19?

If you live in an area where COVID-19 is currently spreading through the community, you are at an elevated risk of being exposed to the virus. This is why it is important to stay at home as much as possible and maintain six feet of distance between yourself and others if you do leave your home.

 

COVID-19 is spreading through communities across the country, including in the Houston area.

How Can I Reduce My Risk of Developing COVID-19?

There is currently no vaccine for the new coronavirus, but there are steps you can take to protect yourself from infection with the virus.

COVID-19 Prevention Tips

  • Avoid close contact and stay home as much as possible
  • Wash your hands regularly
  • Wear a cloth face mask when you go outside
  • Cover your cough and sneezes
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth
  • Disinfect and clean commonly touched surfaces
  • Avoid nonessential travel

 

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Should I Use a Cloth Face Mask to Protect Myself From COVID-19?

Starting Monday, April 27, Harris County Judge Lina Hidalgo is ordering all Harris County residents over the age of 10 to wear cloth face masks covering the nose and mouth when outside the home for the next 30 days.

 

Covering your nose and mouth with a cloth face covering can help slow the spread of coronavirus — especially if you live in an area with community spread. Even if you don't feel sick, wearing a cloth face mask ensures that you do not unknowingly spread the illness to someone else.

A cloth facing covering is not the same as a surgical mask. A cloth face mask is a cloth-based face covering that you make at home using common materials, such as a bandana or old t-shirt.

 

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Will Taking Tamiflu Help Protect Me From COVID-19?

Tamiflu is a drug to treat the flu, and it will not protect you from getting the new coronavirus. Researchers internationally have been working to develop antivirals, but at the present time, there is no specific treatment or vaccine.

How Long Does COVID-19 Survive on Surfaces?

Experts are still learning how long the new coronavirus can live on various surfaces. Early evidence indicates that the virus can survive on plastic and stainless steel for several days, although the amount of virus detectable drops greatly in just 24 hours.

 

This means that it's important to clean and disinfect commonly touched surfaces in your home, as well as avoid touching surfaces while outside of your home whenever possible.

 

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Should I Cancel My Travel?

If you have upcoming travel plans, we suggest regularly checking the CDC’s COVID-19 risk assessment by country and following their recommendations.

Is It Safe to Receive a Package?

Yes, it's safe to receive packages. The likelihood of an infected person contaminating commercial goods is extremely low. The risk of catching the virus from a package that has been moved, traveled and exposed to different conditions and temperatures is also low.

How Severe Is COVID-19?

While the complete clinical picture of this virus is still unclear, symptoms of COVID-19 can range from mild to severe.

 

Similar to infection with other respiratory viruses, elderly individuals and individuals with existing medical conditions are at the highest risk of developing more serious illness.

 

Chronic health issues that may put a person at high risk include:

  • Chronic lung disease
  • Moderate to severe asthma
  • Advanced heart conditions
  • Being immunocompromised due to cancer treatment, bone marrow or organ transplant or poorly controlled HIV
  • Obesity
  • Diabetes
  • Chronic kidney disease that requires dialysis
  • Liver disease

 

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How Is COVID-19 Diagnosed?

If you’ve possibly been exposed to the virus and are experiencing symptoms, the Harris County Public Health Department is encouraging residents to sign up for COVID-19 testing. After being screened online, you will be screened by phone and, if deemed "at risk," you will be given instructions on how and where to get tested. 

How Is COVID-19 Treated?

There is no specific antiviral medication for COVID-19, and antibiotics are never effective against a viral infection. However, infected individuals can relieve symptoms, via

  • Pain relievers and fever reducers
  • Cough medications
  • Rest
  • Hydration

 

It’s recommended that you stay isolated at home while sick and ask family members or friends to pick up any over-the-counter medications you may need.

 

Mores serious cases of COVID-19 may need to be treated in the hospital. If you’re experiencing severe symptoms, we recommend going directly to an emergency room.

 

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Key COVID-19 Resources:

Local County Health Department Contact Information:

Harris County Health Department

  • 281-342-6414
  • After hours: 281-434-6494

Montgomery County Health Department

  • 936-523-5026
  • After hours: 888-825-9754

Fort Bend County Health Department

  • 281-633-7795
  • After hours: 281-434-6494

Chambers County Health Department

  • 409-267-2731
  • After hours: 409-267-9862

Brazoria County Health Department

  • 979-864-2168
  • After hours: 800-511-1632

Galveston County Health District

  • 409-938-7221
  • After hours: 888-241-0442

Advice and Tips To Consider During the Coronavirus Outbreak

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