Menopause: Symptoms & Treatment

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The absence of menstruation for 12 consecutive months. Most women begin menopause between ages 45 and 50.



  • Natural decline of reproductive hormones – ovaries make less estrogen and progesterone, and fertility declines
  • Hysterectomy – surgery to remove the uterus and ovaries
  • Chemotherapy and radiation therapy
  • Primary ovarian insufficiency – ovaries do not produce normal levels of reproductive hormones



  • Irregular periods
  • Vaginal dryness
  • Hot flashes
  • Night sweats
  • Sleep problems
  • Mood changes
  • Weight gain and slowed metabolism
  • Thinning hair and dry skin
  • Loss of breast fullness



  • Blood tests



  • Hormone therapy – relieves hot flashes
  • Medication – relieves hot flashes and prevents osteoporosis
  • MonaLisa Touch®– minimally invasive laser treatment that relieves vaginal dryness and burning due to a drop in estrogen levels
  • Vaginal estrogen – relieves vaginal dryness

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