Menopause

The absence of menstruation for 12 consecutive months. Most women begin menopause between ages 45 and 50.

 

Causes

  • Natural decline of reproductive hormones – ovaries make less estrogen and progesterone, and fertility declines
  • Hysterectomy – surgery to remove the uterus and ovaries
  • Chemotherapy and radiation therapy
  • Primary ovarian insufficiency – ovaries do not produce normal levels of reproductive hormones

 

Symptoms

  • Irregular periods
  • Vaginal dryness
  • Hot flashes
  • Night sweats
  • Sleep problems
  • Mood changes
  • Weight gain and slowed metabolism
  • Thinning hair and dry skin
  • Loss of breast fullness

 

Diagnosis

  • Blood tests

 

Treatments

  • Hormone therapy – relieves hot flashes
  • Vaginal estrogen – relieves vaginal dryness
  • Medication – relieves hot flashes and prevents osteoporosis

TREATMENT LOCATIONS

Our doctors at Houston Methodist specialize in gynecology care at the following convenient locations: