Prostate cancer may be the second most common cancer in men in the U.S., but it’s one of the most treatable cancers when detected early.


This year, according to the American Cancer Society (ACS), approximately 30,000 American men will die from the disease, but the 10-year survival rate is 99 percent with appropriate treatment. Houston Methodist Baytown Urologist Dr. Bayo Tojuola says because prostate cancer often produces no symptoms in its earliest stages, getting regular checkups is essential.


“When it’s treated early, prostate cancer can be treated successfully,” Tojuola said.


The prostate is part of the male reproductive system. It is a walnut-sized gland that rests below the bladder. The purpose of the prostate is to produce seminal fluid that provides nutrients for the sperm.


Primary Risk Factors for Prostate Cancer

  • Age: Prostate cancer is most common in men older than 50, and the risk increases with age.
  • Race: African American men have a greater risk for the disease
  • Obesity
  • Family history of prostate cancer



Prostate cancer usually grows slowly, often not causing signs or symptoms until it is more advanced. Symptoms may include:

  • Inability to pass urine
  • Difficulty starting or stopping the urine flow
  • Pain or burning during urination
  • Blood in your urine
  • Pain in the lower back, upper thighs or hips
  • Erectile dysfunction


If you are a man older than 50, your urologist should conduct a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test. PSA is an enzyme produced by prostate cells. An antigen is simply a protein that can be identified for a particular organ.


“A measurement of elevated PSA levels alerts the physician or urologist to the possibility the patient may have prostate cancer” Tojuola said.


For men diagnosed early, treatment may not be necessary immediately. Active surveillance or regular follow-ups may be recommended. Other treatment options include radiation therapy, hormone therapy, surgery and chemotherapy.


Tojuola encourages men to talk with their doctor about the PSA test for prostate cancer. To schedule an appointment with a urologist at Houston Methodist Baytown Hospital, call 832.556.6046, or visit