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Once ovarian cancer has been diagnosed and staged, your doctor may recommend one or more of the following treatments.
The goal of ovarian cancer surgery is removing as much of the tumor as possible, a process called debulking. A successful debulking surgery will leave no tumors larger than 1 cm and may involve removing one or more of the following:
- All or part of one or both ovaries
- Part of the colon, bladder, stomach, liver or pancreas
Most patients stay in the hospital for 3–7 days following the operation and can return to their usual activities within 4–6 weeks.
Chemotherapy kills cancer cells using drugs that are given through a vein, directly into the abdominal cavity (intraperitoneal chemotherapy) or through oral medication. For treating ovarian cancer, chemotherapy is most commonly used after surgery to destroy remaining cancer cells.
You may receive your chemotherapy treatments in a clinic or at your doctor’s office; or, if oral medication is prescribed, you may take it at home. The side effects depend on the types and amount of medication given.
Radiation therapy uses high-energy rays to kill cancer cells in a specific area. It is seldom used in the initial treatment of ovarian cancer, but may be used to relieve pain and other problems caused by the disease. The treatment is given at a hospital or clinic and takes only a few minutes.
Learn more about ovarian cancer:
- About Ovarian Cancer
- Diagnosing Ovarian Cancer
- Center for Restorative Pelvic Medicine
- Ovarian Cancer Resources
- Ovarian Cancer Clinical Trials
- Our Ovarian Cancer Specialists and Staff
For more information about ovarian cancer treatment at the Methodist Cancer Center or to make an appointment, call us at 713-790-2700.