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Depending on the cause of the infertility, your doctor may recommend medication, surgery or both. If neither approach is effective, you may want to consider assisted reproductive techniques (ART).
If your doctor diagnoses varicoceles (dilated scrotal veins) as the cause of the infertility, he or she may recommend a minor outpatient surgery called a varicocelectomy to repair the veins. In some cases, obstruction can also be corrected through surgery.
- Intrauterine Insemination (IUI): The physician places sperm directly into the woman’s uterus via a catheter, bypassing cervical mucus that may be hostile to sperm. This also places the sperm close to the fallopian tubes, where fertilization is more likely to occur. IUI has shown to be successful in overcoming sperm count and movement problems, retrograde ejaculation and immunologic infertility.
- In Vitro Fertilization (IVF): With this technique, fertilization takes place outside the woman’s body—usually in a laboratory Petri dish, where the egg is joined with the sperm. After 48–72 hours of incubation, the fertilized egg (embryo) is placed in the woman’s uterus and a normal pregnancy should result.
- Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI): A single sperm is injected directly into an egg using a microscopic needle. Once the egg is fertilized, it is placed in the woman’s uterus and a normal pregnancy should result.
Learn more about male infertility:
To learn more about male infertility treatments at Houston Methodist or to make an appointment,
please call us at 713-790-3333.