Houston Methodist. Leading Medicine.
Houston Methodist. Leading Medicine


James J. Xia, M.D., Ph.D.


James J. Xia, M.D., Ph.D.

James J. Xia, M.D., Ph.D.

Full Member
The Methodist Hospital Research Institute

Director, Surgical Planning Laboratory
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
The Methodist Hospital 

E-mail: JXia@houstonmethodist.org
Phone: 713-441-5576
Fax: 713-793-1869


M.D.   Medicine & Stomatology, Shanghai Second Medical University, China
Ph.D.   Computer-Aided Surgical Planning, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR
M.S.   Clinical Research, University of Texas- Houston Medical School

Postdoctoral Training

Postdoctoral Fellow Institute of Image Processing and Pattern Recognition Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, China
Postdoctoral Fellow Image Computing Group, Dept of Computer Science City University, Hong Kong



Dr. Xia is the Director of the Surgical Planning Laboratory with the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery at The Methodist Hospital. He is also an Associate Professor in the Department of Pediatric Surgery at the University of Texas –Houston Medical School. Dr. Xia received his medical degree from the Shanghai Second Medical University in China and his doctoral degree in surgical planning from the University of Hong Kong. He has completed post-doctoral work in computer graphics and computer modeling and a fellowship in rapid prototyping. He also holds a master degree in clinical research from the University of Texas-Houston Medical School. Dr. Xia has more than 50 articles in peer-reviewed publications and has received awards from the Hong Kong Computer Society and the Municipality of Shanghai. He has been extensively lecturing in the US, as well as internationally including Belgium, Brazil, Mexico, Hong Kong SAR, China.

Description of Research

Dr. Xia’s research focuses on ongoing trials of new methods to utilize advanced imaging, computer modeling, and surgical navigation to result in making major facial and skull surgeries safer, faster, and more successful. He was a Methodist Hospital Research Institute Research Scholar and has ongoing NIH support for his computer surgical simulation work in cranio-maxillofacial surgery (with Dr. Jaime Gateno of TMH). He and Dr. Gateno have developed system called Computer-Assisted Surgical Simulation (CASS) that aids in surgical planning for these major facial surgeries.

Major Areas of Research

Cranio-maxillofacial surgery, surgical planning, computer modeling, rapid prototyping, surgical navigation

Recent Publications

Xia JJ, Kennedy KA, Teichgraeber JF, Wu KQ, Baumgartner JB, Gateno J. Non-surgical treatment of deformational plagiocephaly: A systematic review. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med (in press, will appear in August 2008)

Lee RP, Teichgraeber JF, Baumgartner JE, Waller A, English JD, Lasky RE, Miller CC, Gateno G, Xia JJ. Long-term treatment effectiveness of molding helmet therapy in the correction of posterior deformational plagiocephaly: A five-year Follow-up. Cleft Palate Craniofac J. 45(3): 240-5, 2008

Malis DD, Xia JJ, Gateno J, Donovan DT, Teichgraeber JF. New protocol for one-stage treatment of TMJ ankylosis using surgical navigation. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 65(9):1843-8, 2007

Lemoine JJ, Xia JJ, Andersen CR, Gateno J, Buford W Jr, Liebschner MA. Geometry-based algorithm for the prediction of nonpathologic mandibular movement. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 65(12): 2411-7, 2007

Gateno J, Xia JJ, Teichgraeber JF, Christensen AM, Lemoine JJ, Liebschner MAK, Gliddon MJ, Briggs ME. (2007) Clinical feasibility of computer-aided surgical simulation (CASS) in the treatment of complex cranio-maxillofacial deformities. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 65: 728-34.

Xia JJ, Gateno J, Teichgraeber JF, Christensen AM, Lasky RE, Lemoine JJ, Liebschner MAK. (2007) Accuracy of a computer-aided surgical simulation (CASS) system in the treatment of complex cranio-maxillofacial deformities: A pilot study. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 65:248-54.

Xia JJ, Phillips CV, Gateno J, Teichgraeber JF, Christensen AM, Gliddon MJ, Lemoine JJ, Liebschner MAK. (2006) Cost-effectiveness analysis for computer-aided surgical simulation in complex cranio-maxillofacial surgery. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 64(12):1780-4.

Yeung RWK, Xia JJ, Samman N. Image-guided minimally invasive surgical access to the temporomandibular joint: A preliminary report. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 64(10): 1546-52, 2006

Gliddon MJ, Xia JJ, Gateno J, Wong HTF, Lasky RE, Teichgraeber JF, Jia X, Liebschner MAK, Lemoine JJ. The accuracy of cephalometric tracing superimposition. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 64(2): 194-202, 2006. Erratum in: 64(4):748, 2006

Lemoine J, Xia JJ, Gateno J, Liebschner M. (2005) Radiographic Analysis for Jaw Motion Normalization. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 63:961-7.

Xia JJ, Gateno J, Teichgraeber JF. Three-dimensional computer-aided surgical simulation for maxillofacial surgery. Atlas Oral Maxillofac Surg Clin N Am. 13(1): 25-39, 2005