Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery
Houston Methodist Sugar Land Hospital is the only hospital performing open heart surgery in Fort Bend County.
Houston Methodist Sugar Land Hospital has completed construction on a new hybrid operating room that is the first of its kind in the nation. The hybrid OR incorporates advanced technologies with traditional surgery capabilities to offer patients a new range of diagnostic and treatment procedures that can streamline care, reduce recovery time and complications.
This combination of technologies allows patients to be diagnosed and treated more rapidly and with better outcomes for a range of conditions, including vascular and cardiac.
Some of the procedures performed by our world-class staff of cardiovascular surgeons include:
Expand all | Collapse all
- A bypass surgery redirects blood flow around clogged arteries, lessening the risk of blood clots and improving oxygen circulation to the heart. In a coronary artery bypass, a surgeon takes a blood vessel from the chest or leg area and attaches it to the aorta, creating a “bypass” below the clogged section to restore blood flow to the heart. Depending upon the amount of blockage, a patient may have more than one bypass during this procedure. The operation will be completed in three to six hours, and the patient will remain under observation in the intensive care unit for several days following the surgery.
- • The function of a heart valve is to pass blood through the heart in a single continuous direction, and the four valves function together to prevent blood from flowing backward. There are four valves in the heart. They are: tricuspid valve, pulmonary valve, mitral valve and aortic valve. An irregularity or malfunction in any of these valves can cause a potentially life-threatening valve disease that requires surgical intervention. There are several methods of treatment methods for mitral valve replacement or repair, including:
- Heart valve repair — usually performed upon a leaking mitral valve or stenotic (narrow) mitral valve. Depending on the condition of the valve, there are several types of surgery options. The benefits of repair surgery include an improved life expectancy, decreased chances of requiring anticoagulation or blood thinners, and the restoration of healthy heart function.
- Heart valve replacement — when a more intensive surgery is required, patients may need to undergo a valve replacement to restore functionality of the valve system. During this procedure, the impaired valve will be replaced with a new one — either mechanical or organic — made from materials which are tolerated by the body.
- Video assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) — The advancement of surgical techniques have provided more accurate tools and methods that result in minimal scarring. These improvements also reduce the risk of infection or other reaction to surgery. VATS uses a small microscope camera to look inside the body through a tiny incision, usually near the rib cage. The surgeon utilizes small instruments to navigate through the chest. There are several advantages to VATS, including:
- Patients can resume normal work and activities in less than one week; much quicker than traditional thoracoscopic surgery, which requires a larger incision across the chest
- Reduced pain
- Minimal scarring
- Less trauma to the body
- A lobectomy is a procedure that is performed to remove one of the lobes of the lung. Each lung is divided into smaller sections called lobes. A lobectomy may be performed to treat lung cancer or a lung lesion, which is abnormal tissue. When performing a lobectomy, your surgeon will spare the unaffected lung tissue which will continue to function as before. Using the minimally invasive surgical techniques, you can expect reduced pain, minimal scarring and a quicker recovery compared to traditional methods of a lobectomy.
- A thoracotomy is a procedure in which a surgeon accesses areas within the chest cavity to analyze any problems with the heart including the heart, esophagus, diaphragm and the aorta. This procedure is generally performed when a patient requires the removal of all or part of a lung, or needs immediate treatment for disease.
- Because there are a large amount of blood vessels transferring blood to the lungs, there is a serious risk of hemorrhaging. Therefore, surgeons may need to perform a blood transfusion to remedy blood loss and prevent further damage. Other associated risks may include unfavorable reaction to medication or anesthesia, such as vomiting, high blood pressure and nausea. Infection is another potential risk of a thoracotomy procedure.
- A video-assisted thoracic surgery is an alternative procedure that carries fewer risks of infection and scarring, because it is performed through a smaller incision. In this surgery, a small lighted tube is inserted into the chest wall to navigate the area around the lungs through a video monitor, allowing for greater precision.