Houston Methodist. Leading Medicine.
Houston Methodist. Leading Medicine

Ulcerative Colitis

Ulcerative Colitis

What is Ulcerative Colitis?

Among the most common forms of inflammatory bowel disease is ulcerative colitis which is a form of chronic inflammation in the digestive tract causing abdominal pain and diarrhea. The causes of ulcerative colitis is unknown however, there are some factors that can be looked into when diagnosing this condition. Doctors will look at the immune system to examine the functionality of the digestive tract and heredity because doctors believe there is an increased chance of developing ulcerative colitis if there is a close relative with the diseases.

What are the risk factors for developing ulcerative colitis?

  • Age
  • Ethnicity
  • Family history
  • Diet

What is the treatment for ulcerative colitis?

These medications are used to treat inflammation:

  • Aminsalicylates (5-aminosalicyclic acid, 5-ASA)
  • Corticosteroids (prednisone, methylprednisone, hydrocortisone)
  • Immunomodulators (azathioprine, 6-mercapto-purine (6-MP))