Stephen J. Incavo, MD

Professor of Clinical Orthopedic Surgery, Institute for Academic Medicine
Houston Methodist
Weill Cornell Medical College


Stephen J. Incavo, MD is an Orthopaedic Surgeon and Section Chief of Adult Reconstructive Surgery at Houston Methodist Orthopedics & Sports Medicine. He specializes in joint reconstruction and total joint replacement of the hip and knee, as well as partial knee replacement. He utilizes the latest technology and minimally invasive techniques to treat arthritis of the hip and knee. He provides both consult on failed joint replacement procedures and performs revision surgery to repair failed joint replacements. Committed to excellence, he strives to achieve optimal, long term results in the treatment of both immediate and chronic problems. He integrates prevention into all of his treatment plans to reduce risk of future problems.

Dr. Incavo has been listed in the “Guide to America’s Top Surgeons” and featured among H Texas Top Doctors. He is dedicated to research to improve hip and knee replacement outcomes, internationally publishing scientific articles and book chapters on treatment outcomes. He is one of only a few surgeons worldwide to be a member of both The Hip Society and The Knee Society and is regularly invited to present his work at industry conferences and annual meetings.

Teaching residents and fellows his hip and knee replacement techniques for over 20 years, Dr. Incavo frequently serves as an invited lecturer for other orthopedic departments and institutions. He has worked closely with the orthopedic medical device industry to improve treatment and patient outcome and holds multiple patents. He also serves as a primary referral source for complex reconstructive hip and knee problems and serves on the editorial board for several scientific publications.

Description of Research

Dr. Incavo’s research projects focus on primary and revision total hip replacement and total knee replacement procedures.  He and his research team examine the causes of failed joint replacement procedures, as well as the long term viability of prosthetic devices, corrosion and wear of implants and components, adverse local tissue reaction in total hip replacement, range of motion after dual mobility total hip arthroplasty (effect of femoral head size and surgical approach), length of hospital stay causes and impact, accelerated physical therapy rehabilitation following elective primary hip and knee arthroplasty, and imaging and diagnostics.

Education & Training

Clinical Fellowship , University of Vermont College of Medicine
Residency , Fletcher Allen Health Care/Medical Ctr Hosp of VT
MD , State University of New York, Upstate Medical University

Corrosion and adverse local tissue reaction after total hip arthroplasty with a modular titanium alloy femoral neck
Canham, CD, Muradov, PI, Simpson, JB & Incavo, SJ 2017, Arthroplasty Today. DOI:

Stemmed tibial revision component alignment: Does an anatomic conflict exist?
Smith, KM, Moorman, A, Ismaily, SK & Incavo, SJ 2016, Knee, vol 23, no. 6, pp. 996-1001. DOI:

Goals and Challenges of Identifying Asymptomatic Pseudotumors in Patients Treated with Total Hip Arthroplasty: Commentary on an article by Young-Min Kwon, MD, PhD, et al.: "Asymptomatic Pseudotumors in Patients with Taper Corrosion of a Dual-Taper Modular Femoral Stem: MARS-MRI and Metal Ion Study"
Incavo, SJ 2016, The Journal of bone and joint surgery. American volume, vol 98, no. 20, pp. e93. DOI:

Does Accelerated Physical Therapy After Elective Primary Hip and Knee Arthroplasty Facilitate Early Discharge?
Karim, A, Pulido, L & Incavo, S 2016, American journal of orthopedics (Belle Mead, N.J.), vol 45, no. 6, pp. E337-E342.

Will New Metal Heads Restore Mechanical Integrity of Corroded Trunnions?
Derasari, A, Gold, JE, Ismaily, S, Noble, PC & Incavo, SJ 2016, Journal of Arthroplasty. DOI:

Eighty-six Percent Failure Rate of a Modular-Neck Femoral Stem Design at 3 to 5 Years: Lessons Learned
Bernstein, DT, Meftah, M, Paranilam, J & Incavo, SJ 2016, The Journal of bone and joint surgery. American volume, vol 98, no. 12, pp. e49. DOI:

What's new in hip replacement
Ninomiya, JT, Dean, JC & Incavo, SJ 2016, Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery - American Volume, vol 98, no. 18, pp. 1586-1593. DOI:

Adverse Local Tissue Reaction in Total Hip Replacement
Evans, DC, Miller, RA & Incavo, SJ 2016, Internal Medicine Review, no. 1.

Patient-specific instrumentation and custom total knee implants in total knee arthroplasty
Isaacson, M, Bunn, K & Incavo, S 2015, Current Orthopaedic Practice, vol 26, no. 3, pp. 224-227. DOI:

Quantifying and Predicting Surgeon Work Effort for Primary and Revision Total Knee Arthroplasty
Bunn, KJ, Isaacson, MJ, Ismaily, SK, Noble, PC & Incavo, SJ 2016, Journal of Arthroplasty. DOI:

What's New in Hip Replacement
Ninomiya, JT, Dean, JC & Incavo, SJ 2015, The Journal of bone and joint surgery. American volume, vol 97, no. 18, pp. 1543-1551. DOI:

Trochanteric impingement: Is it a source of pain after THR?
Isaacson, MJ, Bunn, KJ & Incavo, SJ 2015, Arthroplasty Today, vol 1, no. 3, pp. 73-75. DOI:

Tibial Stems in Revision Total Knee Arthroplasty: Is There an Anatomic Conflict?
Gobba, MS, Chan, N, Patel, R, Noble, PC & Incavo, SJ 2015, Journal of Arthroplasty, vol 30, no. 9, pp. 86-89. DOI:

Quantifying and Predicting Surgeon Work Input in Primary vs Revision Total Hip Arthroplasty
Isaacson, MJ, Bunn, KJ, Noble, PC, Ismaily, SK & Incavo, SJ 2016, Journal of Arthroplasty, vol 31, no. 6, pp. 1188-93. DOI:

Anteroposterior Knee Stability During Stair Descent
Borque, KA, Gold, JE, Incavo, SJ, Patel, RM, Ismaily, SE & Noble, PC 2015, Journal of Arthroplasty, vol 30, no. 6, pp. 1068-1072. DOI:

The cost of obesity: Commentary on an article by Hilal Maradit Kremers, MD, MSc, et al. "The effect of obesity on direct medical costs in total knee arthroplasty"
Incavo, SJ & Derasari, AM 2014, Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery - American Volume, vol 96, no. 9. DOI:

Early corrosion-related failure of the Rejuvenate modular total hip replacement
Meftah, M, Haleem, AM, Burn, MB, Smith, KM & Incavo, SJ 2014, Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery - Series A, vol 96, no. 6, pp. 481-487. DOI:

Maximizing tibial coverage is detrimental to proper rotational alignment knee
Martin, S, Saurez, A, Ismaily, S, Ashfaq, K, Noble, P & Incavo, SJ 2014, Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, vol 472, no. 1, pp. 121-125. DOI:

CORR insights®: Adverse local tissue reaction associated with a modular hip hemiarthroplasty
Incavo, SJ 2013, Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, vol 471, no. 12, pp. 4087-4088. DOI:

Total knee arthroplasty using anatomic alignment can produce mid-flexion laxity
Incavo, SJ, Schmid, S, Sreenivas, K, Ismaily, S & Noble, PC 2013, Clinical Biomechanics, vol 28, no. 4, pp. 429-435. DOI: