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Fazle Hussain, PhD

Full Affiliate Member, Research Institute
Houston Methodist


Biography

Dr. Fazle Hussain is the Cullen Distinguished Professor and director of the Institute of Fluid Dynamics and Turbulence, in the mechanical engineering department at The University of Houston. Dr. Hussain is a world-renowned scientist in fluid dynamics with over 200 papers in prestigious journals. He has been a visiting scholar at Cambridge six times, the Indian Institute of Science at Bangalore, the Institute of Mechanics at Beijing, the Kavli Institute of Theoretical Physics at UCSB, and is the lifetime Moore Distinguished Scholar at Caltech and an honorary professor at Peking University.

Dr. Hussain currently serves on the board of The Academy of Medicine, Engineering and Science of Texas, as the mechanical engineering chair of the National Academy of Engineering, and as chair of the Academy of Science of the Developing World. He is a Fellow of APS, the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, and the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics.

Dr. Hussain has received awards including the Freeman Scholar Award of ASME in 1984, the Fluid Dynamics Prize of APS in 1998, the Fluids Engineering Award of ASME in 2000, and the Fluid Dynamics Award of AIAA in 2002 for his groundbreaking work in fluid dynamics. Dr. Hussain is a member of the National Academy of Engineering.

At Houston Methodist Research Institute, Dr. Hussain serves as the Dean of Engineering of the Council of Deans. In this capacity, he provides leadership, guidance and counsel for research and education.

Description of Research

The primary theme of Dr. Hussain’s research is the search for order in the disorder of turbulence. That is, underlying the complicated, seemingly random motion of turbulence, there is an organization. Dr. Hussain was one of the pioneers in recognizing that such organized motion is the key to understanding turbulence, and to controlling turbulent flows for technological benefit. For example, to design better engines and turbines, reduce drag and hence saving fuel in aircraft, and reduce the noise from jet engines. For applications like these and more, he has pursued experimental, numerical and theoretical studies of the basic mechanisms of turbulence.

Areas Of Expertise

Fluid mechanics Turbulent flows Vortex dynamics Jets and boundary layers Aeroacoustics Optical measurement techniques Fluidized beds Bio-fluid dynamics
Education & Training

MSc , Stanford University
PhD , Stanford University
Publications

Porous media fracturing dynamics: stepwise crack advancement and fluid pressure oscillations
Cao, TD, Hussain, F & Schrefler, BA 2018, Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, vol 111, pp. 113-133. DOI: 10.1016/j.jmps.2017.10.014

Quantifying wall turbulence via a symmetry approach: A Lie group theory
She, ZS, Chen, X & Hussain, F 2017, Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol 827, pp. 322-356. DOI: 10.1017/jfm.2017.464

Temperature-Invariant Scaling for Compressible Turbulent Boundary Layers with Wall Heat Transfer
Shadloo, MS, Hadjadj, A & Hussain, F 2017, Heat Transfer Engineering, pp. 1-10. DOI: 10.1080/01457632.2017.1357675

Planar liquid jet: Early deformation and atomization cascades
Zandian, A, Sirignano, WA & Hussain, F 2017, Physics of Fluids, vol 29, no. 6, 062109. DOI: 10.1063/1.4986790

Interaction between crack tip advancement and fluid flow in fracturing saturated porous media
Cao, TD, Milanese, E, Remij, EW, Rizzato, P, Remmers, JJC, Simoni, L, Huyghe, JM, Hussain, F & Schrefler, BA 2017, Mechanics Research Communications, vol 80, pp. 24-37. DOI: 10.1016/j.mechrescom.2016.09.011

Interaction between crack tip advancement and fluid flow in fracturing saturated porous media
Cao, TD, Milanese, E, Remij, EW, Rizzato, P, Remmers, JJC, Simoni, L, Huyghe, JM, Hussain, F & Schrefler, BA 2017, Mechanics Research Communications, vol 80, pp. 24-37. DOI: 10.1016/j.mechrescom.2016.09.011

The logarithmic and power law behaviors of the accelerating, turbulent thermal boundary layer
Castillo, L & Hussain, F 2017, Physics of Fluids, vol 29, no. 2, 020718. DOI: 10.1063/1.4974900

On the invariant mean velocity profile for compressible turbulent boundary layers
Wu, B, Bi, W, Hussain, F & She, ZS 2017, Journal of Turbulence, vol 18, no. 2, pp. 186-202. DOI: 10.1080/14685248.2016.1269911

Solving fractional laplacian viscoacoustic wave equation using hermite distributed approximating functional method
Yao, J, Zhu, T, Hussain, F & Kouri, DJ 2016, Society of Exploration Geophysicists, Dallas, United States, 10/16/16 - 10/21/16, pp. 3966-3971. DOI: 10.1190/segam2016-13777357.1, http://library.seg.org/doi/book/10.1190/segeab.35

PIV measurements in a real time controlled model wind turbine wake simulator
Castillo, R, Wang, Y, Monk, T, Vasquez, S, Pol, S, Ren, B, Swift, A, Hussain, F & Westergaard, CH 2016, Journal of Physics: Conference Series, vol 753, no. 3, 032055. DOI: 10.1088/1742-6596/753/3/032055

Vacuolar H+-ATPase in the nuclear membranes regulates nucleo-cytosolic proton gradients
Santos, JM, Martínez-Zaguilán, R, Facanha, AR, Hussain, F & Sennoune, SR 2016, American Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology, vol 311, no. 4, pp. C547-C558. DOI: 10.1152/ajpcell.00019.2016

Predictions of canonical wall-bounded turbulent flows via a modified k–? equation
Chen, X, Hussain, F & She, ZS 2016, Journal of Turbulence, pp. 1-35. DOI: 10.1080/14685248.2016.1243244

Bulk flow scaling for turbulent channel and pipe flows
Chen, X, Hussain, F & She, ZS 2016, Europhysics Letters, vol 115, no. 3, 34001. DOI: 10.1209/0295-5075/115/34001

Forward Scattering and Volterra Renormalization for Acoustic Wavefield Propagation in Vertically Varying Media
Yao, J, Lesage, AC, Hussain, F & Kouri, DJ 2016, Communications in Computational Physics, vol 20, no. 2, pp. 353-373. DOI: 10.4208/cicp.050515.210116a

Locally solving fractional Laplacian viscoacoustic wave equation using Hermite distributed approximating functional method
Yao, J, Zhu, T, Hussain, F & Kouri, DJ 2016, Geophysics, vol 82, no. 2, pp. T59-T67. DOI: 10.1190/GEO2016-0269.1

Compressibility effects on the structural evolution of transitional high-speed planar wakes
Hickey, JP, Hussain, F & Wu, X 2016, Journal of Fluid Mechanics, pp. 5-39. DOI: 10.1017/jfm.2016.224

External turbulence-induced axial flow and instability in a vortex
Stout, E & Hussain, F 2016, Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol 793, pp. 353-379. DOI: 10.1017/jfm.2016.123

Early spray development at high gas density: Hole, ligament and bridge formations
Jarrahbashi, D, Sirignano, WA, Popov, PP & Hussain, F 2016, Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol 792, pp. 186-231. DOI: 10.1017/jfm.2016.71

Correlations for Densities of Aqueous Electrolyte Solutions
Nguyen, NH, Hussain, F & Chen, CC 2016, Journal of Chemical and Engineering Data, vol 61, no. 2, pp. 740-747. DOI: 10.1021/acs.jced.5b00491

Alteration of lipid membrane structure and dynamics by diacylglycerols with unsaturated chains
Alwarawrah, M, Hussain, F & Huang, J 2016, Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Biomembranes, vol 1858, no. 2, pp. 253-263. DOI: 10.1016/j.bbamem.2015.11.014