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If you are experiencing some symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), or if your doctor finds that your prostate is enlarged during a routine checkup, there are several tests that can help identify the cause of problem and the best course of treatment.
Digital Rectal Exam (DRE)
A digital rectal exam (DRE) should be a part of each annual exam, and it may be done between checkups if your doctor suspects a prostate problem. The doctor inserts a gloved, lubricated finger into the lower part of your rectum to feel the prostate and check for enlargement.
Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) Blood Test
This is a test for prostate cancer, which your doctor will want to rule out as the cause of your urinary problems. It measures the blood levels of prostate-specific antigen (PSA), a substance made mostly by the prostate that may be found in an increased amount in the blood of men who have prostate cancer.
This test allows your physician to more accurately check the size of the prostate and get more information about the obstruction. After you’re given a local anesthetic, a small tube, called a cystoscope, is inserted through the opening of the urethra in the penis. The tube contains a lens and a light source that helps the physician view the inside of the urethra and the bladder.
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To learn more about diagnosing BPH at Houston Methodist or to make an appointment, please call us at 713-790-3333.