Houston Methodist. Leading Medicine.
Houston Methodist. Leading Medicine

Cervical Cancer

Cervical Cancer

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In 2012, more than 12,000 women in the United States will be diagnosed with cervical cancer, most of whom will be under 55 years old.1

Methodist Cancer Center is dedicated to providing the resources you need for the diagnosis and treatment of cervical cancer.

What Is Cervical Cancer?
Cancer is the result of a mutation that causes otherwise normal cells to grow at an abnormal rate. A buildup of extra cells in the cervix (the passageway between the uterus and the vagina) can result in the formation of growths, which may be either malignant (cancerous) or benign (noncancerous). Benign growths—polyps, cysts or genital warts—can be treated or surgically removed and usually don’t grow back.

Cervical cancer begins in cells on the surface of the cervix and can invade more deeply into the cervix and into nearby tissues over time. Cervical cancer cells can also break away from the tumor and spread through lymph vessels and the bloodstream.

What Are the Risk Factors for Cervical Cancer?
Cervical cancer is almost always caused by human papillomavirus (HPV), a sexually transmitted infection.

Two vaccines (Cervarix and Gardasil) are available to protect against the types of HPV that cause most cervical cancers; however, the only certain way of avoiding HPV is through sexual abstinence. You can reduce your risk by limiting your number of sex partners or being in a faithful relationship with one partner who has had few or no past sex partners.

Learn more about HPV and cancer


Learn more about cervical cancer:

For more information about cervical cancer treatment at the Methodist Cancer Center or to make an appointment, call us at 713-790-2700.

1 American Cancer Society