Houston Methodist. Leading Medicine.
Houston Methodist. Leading Medicine

Salivary Gland Disease

Salivary Gland Disease

Salivary gland disease attacks the tissues in the mouth and can cause swelling and pain making it difficult to chew and swallow. Specifically this disease prohibits the salivary glands from producing saliva which is used by the body to help digest food. The production of saliva also helps in swallowing of food and in keeping the mouth moist. Saliva travels from the glands into the mouth through ducts and this is where salivary gland disease hits. The disease attacks these ducts and prohibits the saliva performing its function causing irritation.

Symptoms of salivary gland disease may include:

  • Dry mouth
  • Pain in the mouth
  • Swelling of the mouth and/or neck

Treatment options for salivary gland disease depend on the severity of the condition. In general, there is not treatment necessary because it is a viral infection and antibiotics cannot cure these. However, patients can use warm salt water rinses to reduce swelling and help keep the mouth moist. Drinking liquids and keeping the mouth moist will increase the production of salvia until the infection has been cleared up.